How Many Are In Nigeria

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How Many Are in Nigeria: A Comprehensive Overview

Nigeria is a country located in West Africa and is the most populous country in Africa. It is also the seventh most populous country in the world, with an estimated population of over 206 million people as of 2021. The country is home to various ethnic groups, each with its unique culture, traditions and beliefs. In this article, we will take an in-depth look at Nigeria's population, diversity, and what makes the country so unique.

Nigeria's Population Growth

Nigeria's population has been growing rapidly over the years. In 1960, the year Nigeria gained independence, the population was estimated to be around 45 million people. By 1980, it had grown to about 80 million. In 2000, the population was at 123 million, and by 2021, it had grown to over 206 million. This rapid growth has been attributed to several factors, including high birth rates, declining mortality rates, and improvements in healthcare and living standards.

Nigeria's Diversity

Nigeria is a diverse country, with over 250 ethnic groups. The three largest ethnic groups are the Hausa-Fulani, Yoruba, and Igbo, which make up about 70% of the population. Other ethnic groups include Kanuri, Tiv, Ibibio, Edo, Nupe, and many others. Despite their differences, the people of Nigeria share a common identity as Nigerians.

Nigeria is also home to various religions, with Islam and Christianity being the two most prominent. About 50% of the population is Muslim, while 40% are Christians. The remaining 10% practice traditional religions or no religion at all.

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Nigeria's Cities

Nigeria has several notable cities, with Lagos being the most populous. Lagos is also the economic and financial hub of Nigeria, with a population of over 14 million people. Other notable cities include Kano, Ibadan, Abuja, Port Harcourt, and Benin City. These cities serve as centers for trade, commerce, and cultural exchange.

Nigeria's Languages

Nigeria is a multilingual country, with over 500 languages spoken. The official language is English, which is spoken by a majority of the population. Other major languages include Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo. Each ethnic group has its language, and many Nigerians are bilingual or multilingual.

Nigeria's Education

Education is highly valued in Nigeria, with a literacy rate of over 60%. The country has a well-established education system, with several universities, polytechnics, and colleges of education. The University of Lagos, Ahmadu Bello University, and the University of Ibadan are some of the most prestigious universities in Nigeria.

Nigeria's Economy

Nigeria has a mixed economy, with agriculture, oil, and services being the major sectors. Agriculture is the largest employer, with over 70% of the population engaged in farming. Nigeria is also the largest oil producer in Africa, with oil accounting for over 90% of its export earnings. The country is also rich in natural resources such as gold, tin, and limestone.


Nigeria is a unique country with a rich culture and diverse population. Its rapid population growth, diverse ethnic groups, multilingualism, and well-established education system make it an interesting and dynamic country to explore. Despite its economic challenges, Nigeria remains a hub of trade, commerce, and cultural exchange in Africa.

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1) What is the population of Nigeria?

  • Nigeria's population is over 206 million people as of 2021.

2) What are the major ethnic groups in Nigeria?

  • The major ethnic groups are the Hausa-Fulani, Yoruba, and Igbo.

3) What is the literacy rate in Nigeria?

  • The literacy rate in Nigeria is over 60%.

4) What are the major languages spoken in Nigeria?

  • The major languages are English, Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo.

5) What is the largest city in Nigeria?

  • Lagos is the largest city in Nigeria, with a population of over 14 million people.