How Many Square Km Is Nigeria

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How Many Square Kilometers is Nigeria?

Nigeria is a country located in West Africa and is the most populous country in Africa with over 200 million inhabitants. It is known for its diverse culture, vibrant economy, and stunning landscapes. One question that many people ask is how many square kilometers is Nigeria? In this article, we will delve into the details of Nigeria's size, its landmass, and other interesting facts about the country.

Nigeria's Landmass

Nigeria covers an area of 923,768 square kilometers (356,669 square miles). This makes Nigeria the 32nd largest country in the world by landmass. The country is bordered by Niger to the north, Chad to the northeast, Cameroon to the east, and Benin to the west. Nigeria also has a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The country's capital city is Abuja, while Lagos is the largest city.

The Diversity of Nigeria's Landscapes

Nigeria's landmass is diverse, with a wide range of landscapes. The southern part of Nigeria is characterized by tropical rainforests, while the central region is dominated by savannah grasslands. The northern region of Nigeria is a semi-arid zone with vast stretches of sand dunes and thorny shrubs. Nigeria is also home to numerous rivers and tropical wetlands, including the Niger River and the Benue River.

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Population Density in Nigeria

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, with over 200 million inhabitants. The population is concentrated in urban areas, with the majority of the population living in cities such as Lagos, Kano, and Ibadan. The population density in Nigeria is about 215 people per square kilometer, making it one of the most densely populated countries in Africa.

Nigeria's Economy

Nigeria has the largest economy in Africa, with an estimated GDP of $446.5 billion, according to the World Bank. The country is a major producer of oil and gas, which accounts for over 90% of Nigeria's export earnings. The service sector is also a significant contributor to the country's economy, accounting for about 60% of GDP. Nigeria is also a major exporter of agricultural products, including cocoa, cashew nuts, and palm oil.

Nigeria's Climate

Nigeria has a tropical climate, with high humidity and temperatures that range from 22°C to 36°C (72°F to 97°F). The country has two distinct seasons: the rainy season and the dry season. The rainy season starts in April and ends in October, while the dry season lasts from November to March. The southern regions of Nigeria receive more rainfall than the northern regions.

Nigeria's Natural Resources

Nigeria is blessed with abundant natural resources, including oil, natural gas, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, and zinc. The country also has a large agricultural sector, producing crops such as cocoa, cassava, maize, rice, and yams. Nigeria's natural resources are a significant contributor to the country's economy.

Nigeria's Political System

Nigeria is a federal republic with a presidential system of government. The country has a bicameral legislature, with the Senate and House of Representatives. The president serves as both the head of state and head of government. The country is divided into 36 states and one Federal Capital Territory.

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Nigeria's Languages

Nigeria is a linguistically diverse country, with over 500 languages spoken. English is the official language of Nigeria and is widely spoken in urban areas. The most widely spoken indigenous languages in Nigeria include Yoruba, Hausa, and Igbo.

Nigeria's Culture

Nigeria is known for its vibrant culture, which is a blend of traditional and modern influences. The country has a rich history and is home to many cultural festivals, including the Eyo Festival in Lagos, the Durbar Festival in Kano, and the New Yam Festival in the eastern region of Nigeria. Nigeria is also famous for its music, with genres such as Afrobeat, Juju, and Highlife.

Nigeria's Education System

Nigeria has a diverse education system, with both public and private schools. The country has a 6-3-3-4 system of education, which means that primary education lasts for six years, followed by three years of junior secondary school, three years of senior secondary school, and four years of tertiary education. Nigeria has many universities, including the University of Lagos, the University of Ibadan, and the Ahmadu Bello University.


In conclusion, Nigeria is a fascinating country with a diverse culture, economy, and landscapes. Nigeria covers an area of 923,768 square kilometers and is the 32nd largest country in the world by landmass. Nigeria is also known for its abundant natural resources, including oil and gas, as well as its vibrant music and cultural festivals.


  1. What is Nigeria's population?
    Nigeria has a population of over 200 million people.

  2. What is the main language spoken in Nigeria?
    English is the official language of Nigeria, but over 500 languages are spoken in the country.

  3. What is Nigeria's largest city?
    Lagos is Nigeria's largest city, with an estimated population of over 14 million people.

  4. What is Nigeria's economy based on?
    Nigeria's economy is based on oil and gas, as well as the service sector and agriculture.

  5. What is the climate like in Nigeria?
    Nigeria has a tropical climate, with high humidity and temperatures that range from 22°C to 36°C (72°F to 97°F).

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