How Many University In Nigerian

How Many Universities are in Nigeria?

Nigeria is a country in West Africa with a population of over 200 million people. With such a large population, it is not surprising that the country has a substantial number of universities. In this article, we will explore how many universities are in Nigeria, the different types of universities, and other important information about higher education in the country.

Types of Universities in Nigeria

There are several types of universities in Nigeria, each with its unique features and characteristics. These include:

Federal Universities

Federal universities are owned and operated by the federal government of Nigeria. They are often among the most prestigious universities in the country and are located in various states across Nigeria. Some of the notable federal universities in Nigeria include the University of Lagos, Ahmadu Bello University, and the University of Nigeria Nsukka.

State Universities

State universities are owned and operated by individual state governments in Nigeria. They were created to increase access to higher education in the country, and they offer a wide range of courses and programmes. Some of the notable state universities in Nigeria include Lagos State University, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, and Adekunle Ajasin University.

Private Universities

Private universities are owned and operated by private individuals, organizations, or religious bodies. They are relatively new in Nigeria, but they have grown in number and popularity in recent years. Some of the notable private universities in Nigeria include Covenant University, Babcock University, and American University of Nigeria.

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How Many Universities are in Nigeria?

As of 2021, there are 170 universities in Nigeria. These universities are spread across the country, with a majority of them located in the southern region. Of the 170 universities, 43 are federal universities, 48 are state universities, and 79 are private universities.

Importance of Higher Education in Nigeria

Higher education is an essential part of Nigeria's development agenda. It is considered a vital tool for economic growth, poverty reduction, and national development. Higher education provides individuals with the skills and knowledge needed to succeed in the modern world, and it helps to develop the critical thinking skills necessary for innovation and problem-solving.

In Nigeria, higher education is also crucial for social mobility. It provides opportunities for individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds to improve their economic and social status. Additionally, higher education is essential for sustainable development, as it helps to build a skilled workforce that can drive innovation and growth.

Challenges Facing Higher Education in Nigeria

Despite the importance of higher education in Nigeria, the sector faces several challenges that hinder its growth and development. Some of these challenges include:


Funding is a significant challenge facing higher education in Nigeria. The government is the primary source of funding for universities, but it often faces budgetary constraints that limit the amount of funding available to higher education. This has led to a lack of infrastructure, inadequate facilities, and poor remuneration for academic staff.

Quality Assurance

Maintaining quality in higher education is another significant challenge in Nigeria. There is a lack of a robust quality assurance system, leading to low standards and inadequate learning outcomes. This has led to a proliferation of sub-standard universities and courses, leading to a decline in the value of higher education in Nigeria.

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Access to higher education is also a significant challenge in Nigeria. The country has a low enrolment rate in higher education, with many eligible candidates unable to gain admission due to limited space in universities. Additionally, there is a significant rural-urban divide, with many candidates from rural areas unable to access higher education due to lack of infrastructure and other challenges.


Higher education is essential for Nigeria's development, and the country has made significant progress in expanding access to higher education in recent years. However, there is still a long way to go to achieve the country's higher education goals. Addressing the challenges facing the sector, such as funding, quality assurance, and access, will go a long way in ensuring that higher education in Nigeria meets the needs of the country and its people.


  1. Are there more federal or state universities in Nigeria?
    There are more state universities in Nigeria than federal universities.

  2. What is the value of higher education in Nigeria?
    Higher education is essential for economic growth, poverty reduction, and social mobility in Nigeria.

  3. How many private universities are in Nigeria?
    There are 79 private universities in Nigeria.

  4. What are the challenges facing higher education in Nigeria?
    The challenges facing higher education in Nigeria include funding, quality assurance, and access.

  5. Why is access to higher education a challenge in Nigeria?
    Access to higher education is a challenge in Nigeria due to limited space in universities and a significant rural-urban divide.