Child Adoption In Nigeria (the Process)

Adopting a child is a beautiful way of expanding your family and providing a loving home to a child in need. However, the adoption process can be overwhelming, especially in Nigeria, where there are several legal and cultural factors to consider. In this article, we will guide you through the process of adopting a child in Nigeria.

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Child Adoption in Nigeria

Adoption in Nigeria is governed by the Child Rights Act of 2003, which provides for the adoption of children who have been abandoned, orphaned or whose biological parents are unable to care for them. The Act also provides for the establishment of specialized adoption agencies to facilitate the process of adoption.

Before you begin the adoption process, it is important to understand that adoption in Nigeria is a legal process that involves several steps and can take up to 2 years to complete. However, with the right guidance and preparation, the process can be smooth and successful.

Types of Adoption in Nigeria

There are two types of adoption in Nigeria: domestic adoption and international adoption. Domestic adoption involves adopting a child who is a citizen of Nigeria, while international adoption involves adopting a child from another country.

Domestic adoption is generally easier and less expensive than international adoption. However, international adoption may be necessary if you are unable to find a child to adopt domestically or if you have a preference to adopt from a specific country.

Eligibility to Adopt in Nigeria

To be eligible to adopt a child in Nigeria, you must meet the following criteria:

  • Be at least 25 years old and at least 21 years older than the child you wish to adopt.
  • Be in good physical and mental health.
  • Be financially stable and able to provide for the child's needs.
  • Be of good character and have no criminal record.
  • Be married or single, but if single, you must be at least 35 years old.

Choosing an Adoption Agency

Choosing the right adoption agency is crucial to the success of your adoption process. In Nigeria, there are several licensed adoption agencies that can assist you with the adoption process. These agencies provide guidance and support throughout the process and help match you with a child who is suitable for your family.

When choosing an adoption agency, it is important to do your research and choose an agency that is reputable and has a proven track record of successful adoptions. You should also consider the agency's fees, services provided, and the level of support they offer.

The Adoption Process

The adoption process in Nigeria involves several steps, including:

Pre-Adoption Assessment

This involves a home study and medical examination to determine your suitability to adopt a child.


The adoption agency will match you with a child who is suitable for your family based on your preferences and the needs of the child.

Court Process

Once a match has been made, the adoption agency will file a petition for adoption in court. The court will then conduct an investigation to ensure that all legal requirements have been met.


Once the court approves the adoption, the child will be placed with you. You will then be required to complete a post-placement assessment to ensure that the child is thriving in your care.


After a period of at least 3 months, the court will issue a final adoption order, making the child legally yours.

Cost of Adoption in Nigeria

The cost of adoption in Nigeria varies depending on the adoption agency and the type of adoption. Domestic adoption is generally less expensive than international adoption, with fees ranging from ₦200,000 to ₦500,000. International adoption fees can range from ₦1,500,000 to ₦2,500,000.

It is important to note that there may be additional costs for medical examinations, legal fees, and travel expenses.

Post-Adoption Services

After the adoption process is complete, it is important to continue to provide support and care for the child. The adoption agency can provide post-adoption services, including counseling and support for both the parents and the child.


Adopting a child in Nigeria can be a rewarding and life-changing experience. However, it is important to approach the process with the right information and guidance. By following the steps outlined in this article and working with a reputable adoption agency, you can successfully adopt a child and provide a loving home to a child in need.


  1. Can single people adopt in Nigeria?

Yes, single people can adopt in Nigeria, but they must be at least 35 years old.

  1. Can I adopt a child if I am not a Nigerian citizen?

Yes, non-Nigerian citizens can adopt a child in Nigeria, but there are additional legal requirements that must be met.

  1. Can I choose the gender and age of the child I wish to adopt?

Yes, adoption agencies will work with you to find a child who is suitable for your family based on your preferences.

  1. How long does the adoption process take in Nigeria?

The adoption process in Nigeria can take up to 2 years to complete.

  1. What happens if the biological parents of the child I wish to adopt are found?

If the biological parents of the child are found, they will be given the opportunity to contest the adoption in court. If they are unable to provide adequate care for the child, the court may grant the adoption.