How To Calculate Nigeria Custom Duty

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How to Calculate Nigeria Custom Duty

If you are planning to import goods into Nigeria, one of the most important things you need to consider is the cost of customs duty. Nigeria has strict customs regulations, and failure to comply can result in delays, penalties, and even seizure of your goods. In this article, we will guide you through the process of calculating Nigeria custom duty, step by step.

Understand the Basis of Calculation

The customs duty in Nigeria is calculated based on the CIF (Cost, Insurance, and Freight) value of the imported goods. The CIF value is the total value of the goods, including the cost of the goods, insurance, and freight charges. The customs duty is a percentage of the CIF value, and the rate varies depending on the classification of the goods.

Determine the Classification of Your Goods

Before you can calculate the customs duty on your goods, you need to know their classification. Nigeria uses the Harmonized System (HS) code to classify goods for customs purposes. The HS code is a standardized system used worldwide to classify goods for trade. You can find the HS code for your goods by using the online HS code lookup tool or consulting with a customs agent.

Calculate the Customs Duty

Once you have determined the HS code for your goods, you can calculate the customs duty using the following formula:

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Customs Duty = CIF value x Duty rate

The duty rate is determined based on the classification of the goods. You can find the duty rates for different classifications of goods on the Nigeria Customs Service website or by consulting with a customs agent.

Understand Additional Charges

In addition to customs duty, there are other charges you need to consider when importing goods into Nigeria. These charges include:

  1. Value Added Tax (VAT): This is a tax on the value of the goods, including customs duty. The current rate of VAT in Nigeria is 7.5%.

  2. Excise Duty: This is a tax on certain goods, such as alcoholic beverages and tobacco products. The rate of excise duty varies depending on the classification of the goods.

  3. Destination Inspection Charges: This is a fee charged by the customs service for the inspection of goods at the port of entry.

  4. Port Charges: These are charges for the use of the port facilities, such as berthing fees, container handling charges, and storage fees.

Consider the Exchange Rate

When calculating the customs duty and other charges, you need to consider the exchange rate between your currency and the Nigerian Naira. The exchange rate is constantly changing, so it is important to use the current rate when calculating the costs.

Plan for Delays

Importing goods into Nigeria can be a time-consuming process, and there may be delays at the port of entry. It is important to factor in these delays when planning your importation. You can minimize delays by ensuring that all necessary paperwork is in order and that your goods comply with all customs regulations.

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Calculating Nigeria customs duty is a complex process that requires careful consideration of the CIF value, HS code, duty rate, and other charges. By understanding the basis of calculation and following the steps outlined in this article, you can accurately estimate the cost of importing goods into Nigeria and avoid costly delays and penalties.


  1. What is the penalty for non-compliance with Nigeria customs regulations?

Non-compliance with Nigeria customs regulations can result in penalties, fines, and even seizure of your goods.

  1. How long does it take to clear goods at the port of entry in Nigeria?

The time it takes to clear goods at the port of entry in Nigeria varies depending on many factors, including the volume of goods being imported and the efficiency of the customs service.

  1. Can I import goods into Nigeria without paying customs duty?

No, all imported goods are subject to customs duty and other charges.

  1. What is the HS code lookup tool?

The HS code lookup tool is an online tool that allows you to search for the HS code for your goods.

  1. Can I hire a customs agent to help me with the importation process?

Yes, it is recommended to hire a customs agent who is familiar with the customs regulations and procedures in Nigeria to help you with the importation process.