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How to Calculate Nigeria Custom Duty
If you are planning to import goods into Nigeria, you need to consider the customs duty you will have to pay. Calculating Nigeria custom duty can seem daunting, especially for firsttime importers. However, with the right knowledge and tools, you can easily determine the amount you will have to pay. In this article, we will provide you with a stepbystep guide on how to calculate Nigeria custom duty.
What is Nigeria Custom Duty?
Nigeria custom duty is a tax imposed on imported goods. It is a source of revenue for the federal government and is aimed at protecting local industries from foreign competition. The duty is calculated as a percentage of the cost, insurance, and freight (CIF) value of the imported goods.
StepbyStep Guide on How to Calculate Nigeria Custom Duty
To calculate Nigeria custom duty, you need to follow these steps:
Step 1: Determine the Duty Payable
The first step in calculating Nigeria custom duty is to determine the duty payable on your imported goods. The duty payable is calculated as a percentage of the CIF value of the goods. The percentage varies depending on the category of the goods. You can find the duty payable for your goods by checking the Nigeria customs tariff.
Step 2: Calculate the CIF Value
The CIF value of the imported goods is the total cost of the goods, including the cost of insurance and freight. To calculate the CIF value, you need to add the cost of the goods, the cost of shipping, and the cost of insurance.
Step 3: Determine the Exchange Rate
The exchange rate used to calculate Nigeria custom duty is the rate on the day the goods arrived in Nigeria. You can find the exchange rate on the website of the Central Bank of Nigeria.
Step 4: Calculate the Duty Payable
To calculate the duty payable, you need to multiply the CIF value of the goods by the duty payable percentage. Then, you need to convert the result into the Nigerian currency using the exchange rate.
Examples of How to Calculate Nigeria Custom Duty
To illustrate how to calculate Nigeria custom duty, we will provide two examples:
Example 1: Calculating Duty Payable for Cars
Suppose you want to import a car with a CIF value of $10,000. The duty payable for cars is 35%. The exchange rate on the day the car arrived in Nigeria is 410 Naira to 1 US dollar. Therefore, the duty payable is:
Duty Payable = CIF Value x Duty Payable Percentage
= $10,000 x 35%
= $3,500
To convert this to Nigerian currency, you need to multiply the result by the exchange rate:
Duty Payable in Naira = $3,500 x 410
= â‚¦1,435,000
Therefore, the duty payable for the car is â‚¦1,435,000.
Example 2: Calculating Duty Payable for Clothing
Suppose you want to import clothing with a CIF value of $5,000. The duty payable for clothing is 20%. The exchange rate on the day the clothing arrived in Nigeria is 410 Naira to 1 US dollar. Therefore, the duty payable is:
Duty Payable = CIF Value x Duty Payable Percentage
= $5,000 x 20%
= $1,000
To convert this to Nigerian currency, you need to multiply the result by the exchange rate:
Duty Payable in Naira = $1,000 x 410
= â‚¦410,000
Therefore, the duty payable for the clothing is â‚¦410,000.
Factors that Affect Nigeria Custom Duty
There are several factors that can affect Nigeria custom duty. These include:
Category of Goods
The duty payable varies depending on the category of goods. Some goods may have a higher duty payable than others.
CIF Value
The duty payable is calculated as a percentage of the CIF value of the goods. Therefore, the higher the CIF value, the higher the duty payable.
Exchange Rate
The exchange rate used to calculate Nigeria custom duty can affect the amount of duty payable. If the exchange rate is high, the duty payable will be higher.
Conclusion
Calculating Nigeria custom duty may seem challenging, but it is a necessary step in importing goods into the country. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can determine the duty payable for your goods. Remember to consider factors such as the category of goods, CIF value, and exchange rate when calculating the duty payable.
FAQs

What is the penalty for not paying Nigeria custom duty?
Ans: The penalty for not paying Nigeria custom duty is a fine of three times the duty payable. 
Can I get a refund on Nigeria custom duty?
Ans: Yes, you can get a refund on Nigeria custom duty if you overpaid or if the goods were not cleared from the port. 
What documents do I need to calculate Nigeria custom duty?
Ans: You need the invoice for the goods, the bill of lading, and the insurance certificate to calculate Nigeria custom duty. 
Can I dispute the Nigeria custom duty assessment?
Ans: Yes, you can dispute the Nigeria custom duty assessment if you believe it is incorrect. 
How long does it take to clear goods from the port in Nigeria?
Ans: The clearance process can take anywhere from a few days to several weeks, depending on the type of goods and the documentation required.