How To Cook Catfish Pepper Soup In Nigeria

Table of Contents

How to Cook Catfish Pepper Soup in Nigeria

Catfish pepper soup is a popular Nigerian delicacy enjoyed by many. It is a spicy, flavorful soup made with catfish, herbs, and spices that are known for their medicinal properties. This soup is perfect for cold days or when you need a quick and easy meal. In this article, we will walk you through the process of cooking catfish pepper soup in Nigeria.


To make catfish pepper soup, you will need the following ingredients:

  • 2 medium-sized catfish
  • 2 habanero pepper
  • 1 onion
  • 2 garlic cloves
  • 1 tablespoon ground crayfish
  • 1 teaspoon ground uziza seed
  • 1 teaspoon ground scent leaf
  • 1 teaspoon ground basil leaf
  • 1 teaspoon ground ginger
  • 1 teaspoon ground black pepper
  • 1 tablespoon of salt
  • Water
  • 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil

Steps to Cooking Catfish Pepper Soup

  1. Clean and wash the catfish thoroughly. Cut the fish into small pieces and set aside.
  2. Peel and dice the onions and garlic. Cut the habanero peppers into small pieces.
  3. In a pot, heat up the vegetable oil and add the onions and garlic. Saute until the onions are translucent.
  4. Add the diced habanero peppers and saute for another 2 minutes.
  5. Add the catfish pieces to the pot and stir. Add enough water to cover the fish and bring to a boil.
  6. Add the ground crayfish, uziza seed, scent leaf, basil leaf, ginger, black pepper, and salt to the pot. Stir well and cover the pot.
  7. Let the soup simmer on medium heat for about 15-20 minutes or until the catfish is fully cooked and tender.
  8. Taste the soup and adjust the seasoning if necessary. You can add more salt or black pepper if needed.
  9. Serve the catfish pepper soup hot with your favorite side dish or rice.
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Tips for Cooking Catfish Pepper Soup

  • Using fresh ingredients will enhance the flavor of the soup. Try to use freshly ground spices and herbs.
  • If you do not have access to fresh catfish, you can use frozen catfish. Just make sure to thaw it out properly before cooking.
  • You can add other vegetables to the soup for extra flavor and nutrition. Some popular choices are spinach, pumpkin leaves, and okra.
  • If you prefer a thicker soup, you can add yam or plantain to the soup while it's cooking. This will help to thicken the soup and give it a richer flavor.


Catfish pepper soup is a delicious and easy-to-make meal that is enjoyed by many Nigerians. With the right ingredients and recipe, you can make this soup in the comfort of your own home. The next time you're in the mood for a hearty and flavorful soup, give catfish pepper soup a try.


Q: Can I use other types of fish to make catfish pepper soup?
A: Yes, you can use other types of fish like tilapia or croaker to make this soup. However, catfish is the most commonly used fish for this recipe.

Q: What can I serve with catfish pepper soup?
A: You can serve catfish pepper soup with rice or any side dish of your choice. Some people also like to eat it with yam or plantain.

Q: Is catfish pepper soup spicy?
A: Yes, catfish pepper soup is usually spicy due to the habanero peppers used in the recipe. However, you can adjust the level of spiciness to your liking.

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Q: Can I freeze catfish pepper soup?
A: Yes, you can freeze catfish pepper soup for later consumption. Just make sure to store it in an airtight container and thaw it out properly before reheating.

Q: What are the health benefits of catfish pepper soup?
A: Catfish pepper soup is believed to have several health benefits due to the herbs and spices used in the recipe. Some of these benefits include improved digestion, reduced inflammation, and improved immune function. However, more research is needed to confirm these benefits.