How To Dry Catfish In Nigeria

Table of Contents

How to Dry Catfish in Nigeria: A Comprehensive Guide

If you're a fisherman in Nigeria, you know how important it is to properly preserve your catch. One of the most popular methods for preserving fish in Nigeria is by drying it. Dried fish, particularly catfish, is a staple ingredient in many Nigerian dishes and is also exported to other countries. In this article, we'll discuss how to dry catfish in Nigeria, including the tools and materials you'll need, the preparation process, and the drying techniques.

What You'll Need

  • Fresh catfish
  • Salt
  • Clean water
  • A cutting board
  • A sharp knife
  • A container or bucket
  • A sieve or strainer
  • A large, flat surface (such as a roof or mat)
  • Nylon ropes or strings


  1. Clean the fish: Before drying the catfish, you need to clean it thoroughly. Rinse the fish in clean water, removing all debris and scaling it. Cut off the head and tail, and then cut open the fish along the belly.

  2. Salt the fish: Once the fish is clean, sprinkle a generous amount of salt on both sides of the fish, making sure to rub it in thoroughly. This will help to preserve the fish and also give it a salty flavor.

  3. Soak the fish: After salting the fish, soak it in clean water for at least 30 minutes. This will help to remove excess salt and prepare the fish for drying.

Drying Techniques

Sun Drying

Sun drying is the most popular and traditional method of drying catfish in Nigeria. Here's how to do it:

  1. Arrange the fish: After soaking the fish, arrange it on a large, flat surface such as a roof, mat or drying rack. Make sure to space the fish out evenly, so they don't overlap.

  2. Secure the fish: Tie the fish to nylon ropes or strings to prevent them from falling off the drying rack.

  3. Wait: Leave the fish in the sun to dry for at least two days. Make sure to turn the fish every few hours to ensure even drying.

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Oven Drying

Oven drying is a faster and more convenient method of drying catfish, but it requires a bit more preparation. Here's how to do it:

  1. Preheat the oven: Set your oven to 200 degrees Celsius.

  2. Arrange the fish: Just like sun drying, arrange the fish on a flat surface. Make sure to space them out evenly.

  3. Dry the fish: Place the fish in the oven and leave it to dry for about 2-3 hours or until the fish becomes completely dried.


Drying catfish is a popular and effective way of preserving fish in Nigeria. Whether you choose to sun dry or oven dry your fish, the key is to properly clean, salt and soak it before drying. With a little bit of patience and attention to detail, you can produce high-quality dried catfish that is perfect for use in your favorite Nigerian dishes.


Q1. Can I dry catfish without salt?
A1. No, salt is an important ingredient in the drying process as it helps to preserve the fish and give it a salty flavor.

Q2. Can I dry catfish in the oven without arranging it on a flat surface?
A2. No, it's important to arrange the fish on a flat surface to ensure even drying.

Q3. How long can I store dried catfish?
A3. Dried catfish can be stored for up to six months if properly dried and stored in a cool, dry place.

Q4. Can I add any other spices or seasonings to the fish before drying?
A4. Yes, you can add spices such as pepper or garlic to the fish before drying to give it extra flavor.

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Q5. Can I reuse the saltwater used to soak the fish?
A5. No, the saltwater should be discarded after soaking the fish, as it may contain harmful bacteria.