How To Dry Pepper In Nigeria

Table of Contents

How to Dry Pepper in Nigeria: A Comprehensive Guide

Pepper is a staple ingredient in many Nigerian dishes, and it can be used in a variety of ways. Drying pepper is a common way to preserve it and make it last longer, especially during seasons when fresh pepper is not readily available. In this article, we will be discussing how to dry pepper in Nigeria.

What You Will Need

Before we dive into the process of drying pepper, it is important to have all the necessary tools and ingredients. Here are the things you will need:

  • Fresh peppers
  • A sharp knife
  • Cutting board
  • Clean towels
  • Mesh or wire racks
  • A well-ventilated area
  • Gloves (optional)

Step-by-Step Guide

  1. Choose the right peppers – When it comes to drying pepper, not all types are suitable. The best type of pepper to use for drying is the scotch bonnet or habanero pepper. These peppers are commonly used in Nigerian cuisine and are known for their heat and flavor.

  2. Wash the peppers – Rinse the peppers under cool running water to remove any dirt or debris. You can also soak them in a bowl of cool water for a few minutes.

  3. Cut the peppers – Using a sharp knife and cutting board, slice the peppers into thin pieces. You can also leave them whole if you prefer a different texture.

  4. Dry the peppers – Place the sliced peppers on a mesh or wire rack in a well-ventilated area. Make sure they are not touching each other to allow for proper air circulation. You can also lay them on clean towels to absorb any excess moisture.

  5. Turn the peppers – After a few hours, check on the peppers and turn them over to ensure they dry evenly. Continue to turn them every few hours until they are completely dry.

  6. Store the peppers – Once the peppers are dry, place them in an airtight container or plastic bag. Store them in a cool, dry place away from sunlight.

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Tips and Tricks

  • Wear gloves when handling hot peppers to avoid irritation or burns.
  • If you don't have a mesh or wire rack, you can use a baking sheet lined with parchment paper.
  • You can also dry peppers in the oven by setting it to the lowest temperature and placing the sliced peppers on a baking sheet. Check on them frequently to prevent burning.


Drying pepper in Nigeria is a simple and effective way to preserve it for future use. With the right tools and ingredients, anyone can learn how to dry pepper and enjoy its spicy flavor all year round.


  1. Can I dry any type of pepper?

    • While you can technically dry any type of pepper, scotch bonnet and habanero peppers are the best for Nigerian cuisine.
  2. How long does it take to dry pepper?

    • It can take anywhere from 24-72 hours to dry pepper, depending on the humidity and temperature.
  3. Do I have to slice the peppers?

    • No, you can leave the peppers whole if you prefer a different texture.
  4. Can I dry pepper in the sun?

    • It is not recommended to dry pepper in direct sunlight as it can cause the peppers to lose their color and flavor.
  5. How long can I store dried pepper?

    • Dried pepper can be stored for up to a year in an airtight container in a cool, dry place.