How To Find Diamond In Nigeria

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How to Find Diamond in Nigeria: A Comprehensive Guide

Nigeria is one of the largest diamond-producing countries in the world, with vast deposits of minerals that include gold, tin, and limestone. The country has a rich history of diamond mining, with most of the diamond deposits located in the northern and central parts of the country. Despite this, finding diamonds in Nigeria can be challenging, especially for first-time miners. In this comprehensive guide, we will take you through the steps to find diamonds in Nigeria.

Understanding the Basics of Diamond Mining in Nigeria

Before you embark on a diamond mining venture in Nigeria, it is crucial to understand the basics of diamond mining. The mining process involves the extraction of diamonds from the earth's crust, which can be either through open-pit mining or underground mining. Open-pit mining involves the removal of overburden and other materials to expose the diamond-bearing rock. On the other hand, underground mining involves the creation of tunnels and shafts to access the diamond deposits.

Identifying Potential Diamond Mining Sites in Nigeria

The first step in finding diamonds in Nigeria is to identify potential diamond mining sites. Most of the diamond deposits in Nigeria are located in the northern and central parts of the country. The most promising areas for diamond mining in Nigeria include the Jos Plateau and the Mambilla Plateau, which are located in the central region of the country. Other potential areas for diamond mining in Nigeria include the Kampani Zurak and Wase areas in Plateau State and the Gidan Waya area in Kaduna State.

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Obtaining a Mining License

To legally mine diamonds in Nigeria, you need to obtain a mining license from the Nigerian Mining Cadastre Office. The mining license gives you the right to explore, mine, and sell diamonds in Nigeria. The process of obtaining a mining license in Nigeria can be lengthy and bureaucratic, but it is essential to ensure that you are operating legally.

Conducting a Geologic Survey

Before embarking on diamond mining in Nigeria, it is essential to conduct a geologic survey of the potential mining site. The geologic survey helps to identify the location and extent of the diamond deposits and the type of rocks and minerals in the area. The survey can be conducted by a geologist or a mining engineer and can include drilling, sampling, and mapping of the area.

Establishing Infrastructure

After identifying the potential diamond mining site and conducting a geologic survey, the next step is to establish the necessary infrastructure for diamond mining. This can include the construction of access roads, camps, and mining equipment. It is important to ensure that the infrastructure is in place before commencing diamond mining operations.

Implementing Environmental and Safety Measures

Diamond mining in Nigeria can have significant environmental and safety impacts, and it is crucial to implement measures to mitigate these impacts. This can include the establishment of environmental management plans, waste management plans, and safety protocols. It is also important to ensure that the mining operations are in compliance with local and national environmental and safety regulations.

Operating the Diamond Mine

After establishing the necessary infrastructure and implementing environmental and safety measures, the next step is to begin diamond mining operations. This can involve the use of heavy machinery, such as bulldozers and excavators, to extract the diamond-bearing rock. It is essential to ensure that the mining operations are conducted safely and efficiently to maximize the yield of diamonds.

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Sorting and Processing the Diamonds

After extracting the diamond-bearing rock, the next step is to sort and process the diamonds. This can involve the use of diamond-sorting machines or manual sorting to separate the diamonds from other materials. The diamonds are then cleaned and polished, ready for sale.

Marketing and Selling the Diamonds

The final step in diamond mining in Nigeria is marketing and selling the diamonds. This can involve the sale of rough diamonds to diamond dealers or the polishing and sale of diamonds to jewelry manufacturers. It is important to ensure that the diamonds are sold at fair market value and that all legal requirements are met.


Finding diamonds in Nigeria can be a challenging but rewarding venture. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can successfully mine diamonds in Nigeria while ensuring that you operate legally, efficiently, and safely.


  1. How much does it cost to obtain a mining license in Nigeria?

The cost of obtaining a mining license in Nigeria varies depending on the type of license and the size of the mining operation. However, it can range from hundreds of thousands to millions of Naira.

  1. What is the best time of year to mine diamonds in Nigeria?

The best time to mine diamonds in Nigeria is during the dry season, which runs from November to April. This is because the dry season makes it easier to access the mining site and reduces the risk of flooding.

  1. What types of diamonds can be found in Nigeria?
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Nigeria is known for producing industrial-grade diamonds, which are typically used in the manufacturing of cutting tools and abrasives. However, gem-quality diamonds have also been found in Nigeria.

  1. What safety measures should be implemented during diamond mining in Nigeria?

Safety measures that should be implemented during diamond mining in Nigeria include the use of personal protective equipment, the establishment of safety protocols, and regular safety inspections.

  1. How can I ensure that I sell my diamonds at fair market value?

To ensure that you sell your diamonds at fair market value, it is advisable to seek the services of a reputable diamond dealer or to have your diamonds appraised by an independent appraiser.