How To Gain Citizenship In Nigeria

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How to Gain Citizenship in Nigeria

Nigeria is a country located in West Africa with a population of over 200 million people. It is a diverse country with over 250 ethnic groups, and its economy is one of the largest in Africa. Nigeria is also known for its rich cultural heritage, which includes traditional dances, music, and festivals. If you are looking to gain citizenship in Nigeria, this guide will provide you with all the information you need to know about the process.

What is Nigerian Citizenship?

Nigerian citizenship is the legal status of being a citizen of Nigeria. This status grants individuals certain rights and privileges, such as the right to vote, the right to work and live in Nigeria, and the ability to obtain a Nigerian passport.

Who is Eligible for Nigerian Citizenship?

There are several ways to become eligible for Nigerian citizenship. The most common ways are:

By Birth

If you were born in Nigeria, you are automatically a Nigerian citizen, regardless of the nationality of your parents.

By Descent

If one or both of your parents are Nigerian citizens, you are eligible for Nigerian citizenship by descent. You can apply for citizenship by descent at any Nigerian embassy or high commission.

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By Naturalization

If you are not a Nigerian citizen by birth or descent, you can become a Nigerian citizen through naturalization. This process requires you to meet certain requirements and go through a lengthy application process.

How to Apply for Nigerian Citizenship

To apply for Nigerian citizenship, you must:

  1. Be of good character and not have any criminal record;
  2. Have lived in Nigeria for at least 15 years;
  3. Be able to speak and understand the English language;
  4. Be able to show proof of employment, business, or sufficient means of livelihood;
  5. Have a good knowledge of Nigerian culture and customs;
  6. Have renounced your previous citizenship (if applicable); and
  7. Pay the prescribed fee.

Once you meet the requirements, you can apply for Nigerian citizenship through the Nigerian Immigration Service.

Benefits of Nigerian Citizenship

There are several benefits to becoming a Nigerian citizen, including:

Right to Vote

As a Nigerian citizen, you have the right to vote in Nigerian elections. This means that you can participate in the democratic process and help shape the future of the country.

Ability to Work and Live in Nigeria

As a Nigerian citizen, you can live and work in Nigeria without any restrictions. This means that you can take advantage of the many job opportunities and business prospects in the country.

Access to Social Services

Nigerian citizens have access to social services such as healthcare, education, and social welfare programs. This means that you and your family can benefit from these services if you need them.

Ability to Obtain a Nigerian Passport

As a Nigerian citizen, you can obtain a Nigerian passport, which allows you to travel to other countries and enjoy the benefits of being a Nigerian citizen abroad.

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Gaining citizenship in Nigeria is a lengthy process, but it is worth it if you want to live and work in the country. By meeting the requirements and going through the application process, you can become a Nigerian citizen and enjoy the benefits that come with it.


  1. How long does it take to become a Nigerian citizen?

    • The process can take several months to several years, depending on the specific circumstances.
  2. Can I keep my previous citizenship if I become a Nigerian citizen?

    • No, you must renounce your previous citizenship as part of the application process.
  3. Are there any age restrictions for gaining Nigerian citizenship?

    • No, there are no age restrictions.
  4. Can I apply for Nigerian citizenship if I am married to a Nigerian citizen?

    • Yes, you can apply for Nigerian citizenship if you are married to a Nigerian citizen.
  5. What happens if my application for Nigerian citizenship is denied?

    • If your application is denied, you can appeal the decision or reapply at a later time.