How To Get Residency In Nigeria

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How to Get Residency in Nigeria

Nigeria is a bustling African country that is home to a diverse range of cultures, a booming economy and some of the most breathtaking natural scenery on the planet. If you're looking to settle down in Nigeria and become a resident, then there is no better time than now. This article will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to obtain residency in Nigeria.

What is Residency?

Firstly, it's important to understand what residency actually is. Residency refers to the legal right to live in a particular country. It grants individuals the right to work, study, start a business, own property and access public services. In Nigeria, a residency permit is mandatory for foreign nationals who stay in the country for more than 90 days.

Determine the Type of Permit You Need

Before you can begin the process of obtaining residency in Nigeria, you need to determine the type of permit you need. There are several types of permits available in Nigeria, including:

  • Business permit
  • Temporary work permit
  • Subject to regularization
  • Combined expatriate residence permit and alien card
  • Nigerian citizenship

Each permit has different eligibility requirements and application procedures. It's essential to identify the right permit for your situation before proceeding with the application process.

Eligibility for Residency in Nigeria

To be eligible for residency in Nigeria, you must meet certain requirements. These requirements vary depending on the type of permit you're applying for. However, some general requirements that you must meet include:

  • A valid passport with at least six months validity
  • Financial statement showing proof of income
  • Health certificate from a recognized medical institution
  • Police clearance certificate
  • Two recent passport photographs
  • Completed application form
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Submit Your Application

Once you have identified the right permit and have met all the eligibility requirements, it's time to submit your application. You can do this online or in-person at the Nigerian embassy or consulate in your home country. The application process typically takes between four and six weeks.

Pay the Applicable Fees

There are fees associated with obtaining a residency permit in Nigeria. The fees vary depending on the type of permit you're applying for, and the duration of the permit. It's essential to pay the applicable fees in full before submitting your application. Failure to do so will result in your application being rejected.

Wait for Approval

After submitting your application, you'll need to wait for approval. This process can take up to six weeks. During this time, you might be required to attend an interview or provide additional documentation. If your application is approved, you'll receive a residency permit that is valid for one year.

Renew Your Residency Permit

Residency permits in Nigeria are valid for one year and must be renewed annually. To renew your permit, you'll need to complete the renewal application form and provide updated documentation. You can renew your permit up to a maximum of five years.


Obtaining residency in Nigeria can be a complex process, but with the right information and guidance, it can be done. Remember to identify the right permit, meet all the eligibility requirements, submit your application, pay the applicable fees, and wait for approval. Once you have your residency permit, make sure to renew it annually to maintain your legal status in Nigeria.

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  1. How long does it take to obtain a residency permit in Nigeria?
    It typically takes between four and six weeks to obtain a residency permit in Nigeria.

  2. What is the maximum duration of a residency permit in Nigeria?
    The maximum duration of a residency permit in Nigeria is five years.

  3. What documents do I need to provide with my residency permit application?
    You'll need to provide a valid passport, financial statement showing proof of income, health certificate, police clearance certificate, two recent passport photographs, and a completed application form.

  4. Can I apply for Nigerian citizenship while on a residency permit?
    Yes, you can apply for Nigerian citizenship while on a residency permit.

  5. Can I work in Nigeria on a residency permit?
    Yes, you can work in Nigeria on a residency permit, provided that you have the appropriate work permit.