How To Join Politics In Nigeria

Table of Contents

How to Join Politics in Nigeria: A Comprehensive Guide

Politics in Nigeria can be a chaotic and complicated process. However, it remains an essential part of the country's development, and as such, many people aspire to join the political world. This article will provide a step-by-step guide on how to join politics in Nigeria and make a difference in society.

Understanding Nigerian Politics

Before delving into the specifics of how to join Nigerian politics, it's essential to understand the country's political system. Nigeria is a federal republic, with a presidential system of government. The country is divided into 36 states and one Federal Capital Territory, and each state has its own government. Nigeria also has a bicameral legislature, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

Nigeria is known to be a multi-party democracy, with several political parties operating in the country. The parties are registered with the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) and are required to meet specific criteria before they can be recognized.

Identify Your Motivation

Before you join politics, it's important to identify why you want to do so. Is it because you are passionate about making a difference in society, or are you looking for personal gain? Your motivation will determine the approach you take to join politics.

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Choose a Political Party

Once you have identified your motivation, you need to choose a political party to join. In Nigeria, there are several political parties to choose from, but the most popular ones are the All Progressives Congress (APC) and the People's Democratic Party (PDP). Other parties include the Social Democratic Party (SDP), Labour Party (LP), and All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA).

Research the different political parties and their ideologies to determine which party aligns with your beliefs and values. Also, consider the party's structure, leadership, and track record before making your decision.

Become Involved in Your Community

Before you can run for office, it's important to become involved in your community. This will give you the opportunity to understand the needs and challenges facing your community and develop solutions to address them. Join local organizations and attend community meetings to establish yourself as a leader and gain the trust of the people.

Volunteer in Political Campaigns

Volunteering in political campaigns is an excellent way to gain exposure and experience in politics. It allows you to work with experienced politicians and learn the ropes of campaigning. You can also make valuable connections and build relationships with people in the political world.

Attend Political Conventions

Political conventions are a great way to connect with other politicians and party members. Attend conventions organized by your chosen political party to learn more about the party's policies and meet other party members.

Seek Party Nomination

To run for office in Nigeria, you need to be nominated by your political party. This means you must be an active member of the party and have the support of party members. Seek nomination from your party by submitting a letter of intent to the appropriate party officials.

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Campaign for Office

Once you have been nominated by your party, it's time to campaign for office. Campaigning involves traveling to different parts of your constituency, meeting with voters, and building relationships with them. Your campaign should focus on your policies, ideas, and vision for your constituency.

Participate in Debates

Participating in debates is an excellent way to showcase your knowledge and ideas. It allows voters to see your stance on important issues and compare you to other candidates. Attend debates organized by your party or other organizations and prepare thoughtful responses to questions.

Run for Office

After you have campaigned and gained the support of the people in your constituency, it's time to run for office. You can run for any political office, from local government to national government. Your party will provide you with the necessary support and resources to run a successful campaign.


Joining politics in Nigeria requires dedication, hard work, and a passion for making a difference in society. Understanding the political system, choosing a political party, becoming involved in your community, volunteering in political campaigns, and seeking party nomination are all critical steps to joining politics in Nigeria. With determination and perseverance, you can make a difference in your constituency and contribute to the country's development.


Q: How old do I have to be to run for office in Nigeria?
A: To run for office in Nigeria, you must be at least 30 years old.

Q: Is it mandatory to join a political party to run for office?
A: Yes, you must be a member of a political party to run for office in Nigeria.

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Q: Can I run for office if I don't have a political background?
A: Yes, you can run for office even if you don't have a political background. However, it's important to become involved in your community and gain experience before running for office.

Q: How long does a political campaign last in Nigeria?
A: Political campaigns in Nigeria last for three months before the elections.

Q: Can I run for office if I have a criminal record?
A: No, individuals with criminal records are not eligible to run for office in Nigeria.