How To Make Garri In Nigeria

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How to Make Garri in Nigeria: A Beginner’s Guide

Garri is a staple food in Nigeria, made from cassava tubers. It is a carbohydrate-rich food that can be enjoyed in different ways, such as by soaking it in water or using it as a base for other meals. If you are new to making garri or want to improve your skills, this article will guide you through the process step by step.

What You Will Need

To make garri, you will need the following:

  • Cassava tubers (fresh or dried)
  • Water
  • Large bowls
  • Muslin cloth
  • Grater or blender
  • Mortar and pestle (optional)
  • Sieve
  • Frying pan or pot
  • Wooden spoon

Step 1: Peeling and Washing the Cassava

The first step in making garri is to peel and wash the cassava tubers. If you are using fresh cassava, you will need to peel off the brown skin using a sharp knife. If you are using dried cassava, soak it in water for a few hours before peeling.

After peeling, wash the cassava thoroughly to remove any dirt or debris. Cut the cassava into small pieces to make it easier to grate or blend.

Step 2: Grating or Blending the Cassava

Next, you will need to grate or blend the cassava into a fine pulp. If you are grating the cassava, use a grater with small holes and grate the cassava into a large bowl. If you are using a blender, add the cassava pieces and some water to the blender and blend until smooth.

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Step 3: Squeezing and Sieving the Cassava Pulp

After grating or blending the cassava, you will need to squeeze out the excess liquid and sieve the pulp. To do this, place the pulp in a muslin cloth and squeeze out as much liquid as possible. Then, sieve the pulp to remove any lumps and separate the fine grains from the coarse ones.

Step 4: Fermenting the Cassava

Once you have sieved the cassava pulp, you will need to let it ferment for a few days. This is an important step in the garri-making process as it helps to reduce the cyanide content in cassava, making it safe to consume.

To ferment the cassava, place the sieved pulp in a large bowl, cover it with a cloth and leave it to ferment for about two to three days. During this time, the pulp will start to sour and develop a slightly acidic taste.

Step 5: Drying the Cassava

After fermenting the cassava, you will need to dry it. This can be done by spreading the fermented pulp on a large tray or surface and leaving it to dry in the sun for a few days. Alternatively, you can dry it in an oven or over a low heat on the stovetop.

Step 6: Frying the Cassava

Once the cassava is dry, it is ready to be fried to make garri. To do this, heat up a frying pan or pot over medium heat, add the dried cassava and stir continuously with a wooden spoon to prevent it from burning.

Continue frying the cassava until it turns golden brown and crispy. Remove it from the heat and allow it to cool down.

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Step 7: Sieving the Garri

The final step in making garri is to sieve it to remove any lumps and ensure that it is fine and smooth. Use a sieve to remove any large particles and store the garri in an airtight container.


Making garri is a simple process that involves a few basic steps. With the right tools and ingredients, you can easily make this staple food in your own home. Remember to take care when peeling and handling cassava as it contains cyanide, which can be harmful if ingested in large quantities.


  1. Can I make garri without fermenting the cassava?

No, fermenting the cassava is an important step in the garri-making process as it helps to reduce the cyanide content in cassava, making it safe to consume.

  1. Can I use a food processor instead of a blender to blend the cassava?

Yes, a food processor can be used instead of a blender to blend the cassava.

  1. How long does it take to dry the cassava?

It can take between two to five days to dry cassava, depending on the weather and drying method used.

  1. Can I use a sieve to remove lumps from the cassava pulp before fermenting?

No, it is best to ferment the cassava first before sieving to ensure that the lumps are properly broken down.

  1. What other meals can I make with garri?

Garri can be used as a base for other meals such as eba, fufu, or as a crunchy topping for soups and stews.