How To Make Igbo Egusi Soup

How to Make Igbo Egusi Soup: A Step-by-Step Guide

If you're a fan of Nigerian cuisine, you're probably familiar with the rich and flavorful dish known as Egusi soup. This dish is a staple in many Nigerian households, especially in the Igbo tribe. The soup is typically made with melon seeds and a variety of vegetables and spices. In this article, we'll show you how to make Igbo Egusi soup at home, step-by-step.


Before we get started, let's take a look at the ingredients you'll need to make Igbo Egusi soup:

  • 2 cups of ground Egusi (melon seeds)
  • 1 large onion, chopped
  • 2-3 cups of chopped vegetables (spinach, pumpkin leaves, or bitter leaf)
  • 3-4 cups of stock or water
  • 1-2 cups of meat (beef, chicken, or goat meat)
  • 1 tablespoon of ground crayfish
  • 1-2 scotch bonnet peppers
  • 2-3 tablespoons of palm oil
  • Salt and seasoning cubes to taste

Step-by-Step Guide

Now that we have our ingredients, let's get started on making Igbo Egusi soup.

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Step 1: Prepare the Egusi

The first step in making Egusi soup is to prepare the Egusi. Place the ground Egusi in a bowl and add some water. Use your hands to mix the Egusi and water together until you get a smooth paste. Set this aside for later.

Step 2: Cook the Meat

Next, we'll cook the meat. Place your meat in a pot and add enough water to cover it. Add some salt and seasoning cubes to the pot and bring it to a boil. Once it's boiling, reduce the heat and let it simmer until the meat is cooked through. Remove the meat from the pot and set it aside.

Step 3: Cook the Vegetables

In the same pot, add your chopped vegetables and scotch bonnet peppers. Let this cook for a few minutes until the vegetables are soft. Remove the vegetables from the pot and set them aside.

Step 4: Fry the Egusi

Now it's time to fry the Egusi. Heat up your palm oil in a separate pot on medium heat. Once the oil is hot, add your chopped onions and fry until they're translucent. Add the ground crayfish and stir for a minute. Next, add the Egusi paste and stir until it's well combined with the oil and onions. Let this cook for a few minutes until the Egusi is slightly browned.

Step 5: Combine Everything

Once your Egusi is cooked, it's time to combine everything together. Add your cooked meat and vegetables to the pot with the Egusi. Stir everything together until it's well combined. Add your stock or water to the pot and bring it to a boil. Let it simmer for a few minutes until the soup has thickened and the flavors have melded together.

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Step 6: Serve and Enjoy

Your Igbo Egusi soup is now ready to be served! You can serve it with some fufu (a starchy side dish made from cassava or yam), rice, or any other side dish you prefer. Garnish with some chopped fresh herbs or scallions if desired. Enjoy!


Making Igbo Egusi soup is easy and delicious. With just a few simple ingredients, you can create a rich, flavorful soup that's perfect for any occasion. Whether you're cooking for your family or hosting a dinner party, this dish is sure to impress. Try it out and let us know how it turns out!


Q1: Can I use other vegetables besides spinach, pumpkin leaves, or bitter leaf?

A: Yes, you can use any vegetable of your choice. Just make sure to chop it up into small pieces so it cooks evenly.

Q2: Can I use canned or frozen vegetables instead of fresh ones?

A: Yes, you can use canned or frozen vegetables if fresh ones aren't available. Thaw or drain them before adding them to the soup.

Q3: Can I use other types of meat besides beef, chicken, or goat meat?

A: Yes, you can use any type of meat you prefer. Just make sure to adjust the cooking times accordingly.

Q4: Can I make Egusi soup without palm oil?

A: Yes, you can use any type of oil you prefer. However, palm oil is traditionally used in Egusi soup and gives it a distinct flavor.

Q5: How long does Igbo Egusi soup last in the fridge?

A: Igbo Egusi soup can last for up to 3-4 days in the fridge if stored properly in an airtight container.

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