How To Prepare Nigeria Banga Soup

Table of Contents

How to Prepare Nigeria Banga Soup: A Comprehensive Recipe Guide

If you’re a fan of West African cuisine, then you’ve likely heard of Nigeria’s famous Banga Soup. This rich, hearty dish is made with a variety of ingredients, including palm fruit extract, which gives it its distinctive flavor. In this article, we’ll provide a comprehensive recipe guide on how to prepare Nigeria Banga Soup, including tips and tricks to make your dish stand out.

What You’ll Need

Before we dive into the recipe, let’s take a look at the ingredients you’ll need to make Nigeria Banga Soup:

  • 2 cups of palm fruit extract
  • 2 pounds of assorted meat (beef, chicken, or goat)
  • 1 pound of assorted fish (tilapia, catfish, or mackerel)
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 3 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 1 teaspoon of ginger, minced
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • 1 teaspoon of ground crayfish
  • 2 cups of water
  • 2 tablespoons of red palm oil
  • 1 teaspoon of dried pepper flakes
  • 2 teaspoons of ground crayfish
  • 1 tablespoon of dried basil leaves
  • 1 tablespoon of dried thyme leaves

Preparation Steps

Now that you have your ingredients ready, let’s get started with the preparation:

  1. Rinse the meat and fish thoroughly with cold water, and season with salt and pepper to taste.

  2. In a large pot, heat up the red palm oil over medium heat.

  3. Add the chopped onions, minced garlic, and minced ginger, and sauté for about 2-3 minutes or until the onions are translucent.

  4. Add the seasoned meat and fish to the pot, and brown on all sides. This should take about 5-7 minutes.

  5. Add the palm fruit extract, dried pepper flakes, and ground crayfish to the pot, and stir well.

  6. Add the water to the pot, and stir well.

  7. Cover the pot and let the soup simmer for about 45-60 minutes, or until the meat and fish are tender.

  8. Add the dried basil leaves and dried thyme leaves to the pot, and stir well.

  9. Taste the soup and adjust the seasoning as needed.

  10. Serve hot with your preferred side dishes, such as rice or fufu.

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Tips and Tricks

  • To get the best flavor from the palm fruit extract, make sure to heat it up in a separate pot before adding it to the soup.

  • If you want to make your soup more spicy, add more pepper flakes or fresh scotch bonnet peppers.

  • If you don’t have access to dried basil and thyme leaves, you can use fresh herbs instead.

  • Experiment with different types of meat and fish to find your favorite combination.


Nigeria Banga Soup is a delicious and hearty dish that is perfect for any occasion. With the right ingredients and preparation, you can easily recreate this West African classic at home. We hope that our recipe guide has been helpful, and that you enjoy making and sharing this dish with your family and friends.


  1. What is palm fruit extract, and where can I buy it?

Palm fruit extract is made from the pulp of palm fruits, and is a common ingredient in West African cuisine. You can find it at most African grocery stores or online.

  1. Can I use canned palm fruit extract instead of fresh?

Yes, you can use canned palm fruit extract if fresh is not available. Just make sure to drain the liquid from the can before using.

  1. Can I substitute red palm oil for another type of oil?

No, red palm oil is an essential ingredient in Nigeria Banga Soup, and cannot be substituted with another type of oil.

  1. Can I freeze leftover soup?

Yes, you can freeze leftover Nigeria Banga Soup for up to 3 months. Just make sure to store it in an airtight container.

  1. What are some traditional side dishes to serve with Nigeria Banga Soup?
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Some popular side dishes include rice, fufu, yam, or plantains.