How To Prepare Nigerian Melon Soup

Table of Contents

How to Prepare Nigerian Melon Soup

Nigerian melon soup, also known as Egusi soup, is a popular dish made from ground melon seeds and vegetables. This soup is a staple in many Nigerian households and is loved for its rich flavor and versatility. If you're interested in learning how to prepare this delicious soup, continue reading.


To make Nigerian melon soup, you will need the following ingredients:

  • 2 cups of Egusi (melon) seeds
  • 2 cups of chopped spinach
  • 2 cups of chopped bitter leaf
  • 2 cups of chopped pumpkin leaves
  • 2 cups of meat (chicken, beef, or goat meat)
  • 1 cup of palm oil
  • 2 onions
  • 2 habanero peppers
  • 3 tbsp of crayfish
  • 1 tbsp of ground pepper
  • Salt to taste


  1. In a blender, grind the Egusi seeds until they form a fine powder. Set aside.
  2. In a pot, cook the meat until it is tender. Once the meat is cooked, remove it from the pot and set it aside.
  3. Add the chopped onions and habanero peppers to the pot and sauté until they are soft and translucent.
  4. Add the ground Egusi to the pot and stir it in with the onions and peppers. Keep stirring until the Egusi is browned and has a nutty aroma.
  5. Add the cooked meat back to the pot and stir it in.
  6. Add enough water to the pot to cover the ingredients and bring it to a boil. Reduce the heat and let it simmer for 5 minutes.
  7. Add the chopped vegetables, crayfish, and ground pepper to the pot and stir them in.
  8. Add the palm oil to the pot and stir it in.
  9. Let the soup simmer for an additional 10 minutes until the vegetables are cooked and the soup is thick and flavorful.
  10. Add salt to taste.
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Nigerian melon soup is typically served with fufu, a starchy African staple made from cassava, yams, or plantains. You can also serve it with rice or bread.


  • If you can't find bitter leaf or pumpkin leaves, you can use spinach or kale instead.
  • To make the soup more flavorful, you can add dried fish or crayfish.
  • If you prefer a thicker soup, you can add more Egusi or reduce the amount of water you add.


Nigerian melon soup is a delicious and nutritious dish that is easy to prepare. With the right ingredients and a little bit of patience, you can create a soup that is bursting with flavor and sure to impress your family and friends.


  1. Can I use canned vegetables instead of fresh ones?

While fresh vegetables are preferable, canned vegetables can be used in a pinch. Just make sure to drain them well before adding them to the soup.

  1. Can I make this soup without meat?

Yes, you can make a vegetarian version of this soup by omitting the meat or using a meat substitute.

  1. Can I freeze Nigerian melon soup?

Yes, you can freeze this soup for up to 3 months. Just make sure to let it cool completely before transferring it to an airtight container and placing it in the freezer.

  1. What is the best type of meat to use in this soup?

Chicken, beef, or goat meat are all good options for this soup. You can also use fish or seafood if you prefer.

  1. Can I use store-bought Egusi powder?

Yes, you can use store-bought Egusi powder if you can't find whole Egusi seeds. Just make sure to follow the instructions on the package for the best results.

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