How to Relocate to Spain from Nigeria: Your Ultimate Guide

Are you considering a move from Nigeria to Spain? Relocating to a new country can be a daunting experience, but with the correct guidance and planning, it can be an exciting adventure. This guide aims to provide you with a comprehensive overview of the relocation process to Spain from Nigeria.

Whether you're moving for work, education, or a change of scenery, this guide will offer valuable insights and practical advice on various aspects of the move. You'll learn about the visa requirements for relocating to Spain, how to find accommodation, navigate the healthcare system, settle into the Spanish community, and much more.

By the end of this guide, you'll have all the information necessary to make a smooth transition and start your new life in Spain. So, let's get started on how to relocate to Spain from Nigeria – your ultimate guide awaits!

Why Spain?

If you are considering relocating from Nigeria to Spain, you may wonder why Spain is an attractive destination. Besides the beautiful beaches, sunny weather, and rich history, Spain offers many benefits and opportunities for those looking for a new start.

One of the major benefits is the high quality of life. Spain boasts a relaxed lifestyle with a strong emphasis on family, friendships, and community. The country also has a well-developed healthcare system, which is ranked seventh in the world by the World Health Organization.

In addition, Spain has a diverse and growing economy. With a GDP of $1.4 trillion in 2020, it is the 13th largest economy in the world and the fourth largest in the European Union. The country is home to many multinational corporations and has a thriving tourism industry.

Spain is also a hub for cultural immersion. With its varied traditions and regional identities, Spain offers a rich cultural experience. Whether it's flamenco dancing in Andalusia, attending a bullfight in Madrid, or enjoying paella in Valencia, there is always something to discover in Spain.

Finally, Spain offers opportunities for personal and professional growth. Whether you're looking to start a business, learn Spanish, or pursue further education, Spain has a lot to offer.

Planning Your Move

Relocating to Spain from Nigeria requires careful planning. Here are some tips to help you get started:

  • Create a budget for your move, including transportation, accommodation, and living expenses.
  • Decide on a timeline for your move. Consider factors such as visa processing times and peak travel seasons.
  • Research the different types of visas available for Nigeria to Spain relocation. Determine which visa is right for your situation and apply as early as possible.
  • Organize all the necessary documents for your visa application, such as your passport, birth certificate, and criminal record check.
  • Consider hiring a relocation specialist to assist with the process and provide guidance on local customs and regulations.

By following these tips, you can ensure that your relocation to Spain from Nigeria is well-planned and executed smoothly.

Visa Requirements

Before relocating to Spain from Nigeria, it is essential to understand the visa requirements for entry and residency. Different visa types are available, depending on the purpose and duration of your stay.

The most common types of visas for Nigerians relocating to Spain are:

Visa Type Purpose Duration
Short-stay Visa Tourism, business, or visiting family/friends Up to 90 days within a 180-day period
Long-stay Visa Employment, education, or research More than 90 days
Residence Visa Relocating for retirement or family reunification Up to 1 year initially, renewable for up to 2 years

For a successful visa application, ensure you fulfil the requirements set by the Spain Consulate in Nigeria. This may include:

  • Valid passport and travel documents
  • Completed application form
  • Proof of funds to support your stay
  • Medical insurance coverage
  • Police clearance certificate
  • Proof of accommodation in Spain

The visa application process can take several weeks, so it is advisable to apply well in advance of your intended travel date. Seek advice from a reputable immigration lawyer or consultant if you require further assistance.

Finding Accommodation

When relocating to Spain, finding suitable accommodation is a crucial aspect of the process. Spain offers a wide range of housing options, including apartments, condos, and houses.

If you are looking to rent, it is important to start your search early and be prepared to provide necessary documentation such as proof of income and references. Rental prices may vary based on location, size, and amenities.

If you are considering buying a property in Spain, it is recommended to work with a reputable real estate agent who can guide you through the process. Keep in mind that additional costs such as property tax and maintenance fees may apply.

Rental Process Buying Process
Start your search early Work with a reputable real estate agent
Be prepared to provide necessary documentation Consider additional costs such as property tax and maintenance fees
Be aware of rental prices based on location, size, and amenities Research the property and surrounding area before making a purchase
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It is important to do your research and understand the housing market in Spain before making a decision. Utilize resources such as online listings, real estate agents, and expat forums to gather information and compare options.

Healthcare and Insurance

Spain has a public healthcare system that provides free or low-cost medical services to all residents, including those who are not citizens. To access these services, individuals must obtain a Spanish Social Security number, which can be acquired through the local Social Security office.

Alternatively, some individuals may choose to purchase private health insurance for additional coverage or to avoid long wait times for non-emergency services. Private insurance plans can be obtained through various providers, and coverage and costs vary depending on the plan and the individual's health history.

It is important to note that expats are not typically eligible for public healthcare until they have been resident in Spain for at least three months. During this initial period, individuals are encouraged to obtain private health insurance to ensure they have access to necessary medical services.

Education and Schools

Spain has a well-established education system that is highly regarded globally. However, it is essential to note that the system and curriculum may differ significantly from what Nigerians are accustomed to. Therefore, it is crucial to research and understand the options available when relocating with school-going children.

Public Schools

Public schools are free and open to all residents in Spain. The education system is primarily in Spanish, with a few schools offering bilingual programs. Public schools follow the Spanish curriculum, which may vary by region. It is important to note that admission to public schools may be challenging, especially in urban areas with high demand.

Private Schools

Private schools offer an alternative to public schools, with many of them following the international curriculum. Most private schools in Spain are fee-paying, with tuition fees varying depending on the school's location and age of the student.

International Schools

International schools cater to expatriate children and offer international curriculums such as American, British, or International Baccalaureate (IB). They provide an ideal option for children who do not speak Spanish or prefer to maintain their home country's education system. International schools are typically more expensive than public or private schools, with tuition fees ranging from €10,000 to €20,000 per year.

Whichever education option you choose in Spain, it is essential to research each school thoroughly and speak with other parents and expat groups for recommendations.

Working in Spain

If you are planning to work in Spain, there are several options for finding employment. The most common way is to secure a job offer from a Spanish company or organization, which will then sponsor your work permit. It is also possible to apply for a work visa as a self-employed person or start your own business in Spain.

It is important to note that the job market in Spain can be competitive, and it may be more challenging for non-EU citizens to find work. However, Nigerians with specialized skills and qualifications may have an advantage in certain industries, such as technology and healthcare.

Finding a Job

One of the best ways to look for jobs in Spain is through online job search engines and social networking websites. You can also consider reaching out to recruitment agencies and attending job fairs to connect with potential employers.

It is recommended to prepare a strong resume and cover letter, and to tailor them to each job application. Fluency in Spanish is often a requirement for many jobs, so it is advisable to improve your language skills before moving to Spain.

Securing a Work Visa

Non-EU citizens need to obtain a work visa to legally work in Spain. The type of visa required depends on the length and purpose of your stay. Your employer will typically sponsor your work permit and guide you through the application process.

Alternatively, if you plan to be self-employed or start your own business in Spain, you will need to apply for a self-employment visa. This option requires a detailed business plan and financial requirements, so it is important to do thorough research and planning.

Once you have secured a work visa and arrived in Spain, you will need to obtain a residency permit known as a Tarjeta de Identidad de Extranjero (TIE) within 30 days. The TIE allows you to access public services and travel within the Schengen area.

Cultural Adaptation

Relocating to Spain from Nigeria can be a significant adjustment, both culturally and socially. Spain has a rich history and culture that shapes its social norms and customs, which may be different from what you are accustomed to in Nigeria. However, with an open mind and willingness to learn, you can quickly adapt to your new environment.

Cultural Differences

One of the primary cultural differences between Nigeria and Spain is the concept of time. In Nigeria, punctuality is not always a priority, and people may arrive at meetings or events late. In Spain, punctuality is highly valued, and being on time is considered a sign of respect. Also, Spanish people tend to have a more laid-back approach to work and life in general than in Nigeria, where work can be more fast-paced.

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Another cultural difference is the importance of family and social life in Spain. Spanish people value their social relationships and spending time with family and friends. Meals are often communal gatherings, and weekends are typically reserved for spending time with loved ones. In Nigeria, work and career aspirations may take priority over social life.

Adapting and Integrating

Adapting to a new culture can take time, and you may experience culture shock initially. However, there are several ways to ease the transition and integrate into Spanish society. One way is to seek out local events and festivals and participate in cultural activities. This can provide a deeper understanding of Spanish customs and traditions.

Another way to integrate is to make an effort to learn Spanish. While many people in Spain speak English, speaking the local language can make it easier to communicate with others and feel more connected to the culture. You can take Spanish language classes or use language learning apps to improve your skills.

Finally, get involved in the local community. Join a social club or group related to your interests, volunteer for a local charity, or participate in a sports team. These activities can help you meet new people with similar interests and build a social network in Spain.

Financial Considerations

Before relocating to Spain from Nigeria, it is essential to plan your finances to ensure a smooth transition. Spain has a relatively low cost of living compared to other Western European countries, but it is still essential to budget wisely.

Cost of Living

The cost of living in Spain varies widely depending on your location, lifestyle, and personal preferences. Big cities like Madrid and Barcelona tend to be more expensive than smaller towns and villages. It is essential to research the cost of rent, utilities, groceries, and other expenses to plan your budget better.

According to Numbeo, the cost of living index in Spain is 53.67% lower than in the US. A single person can live comfortably on a monthly budget of around 800-1,200 euros, while a family of four might need a budget of around 2,500-3,500 euros per month. Keep in mind that these are rough estimates and can vary greatly depending on individual circumstances.

Banking and Taxes

Before relocating to Spain, it is crucial to open a bank account in the country. There are several options available, including both Spanish and international banks. As a foreigner, it can be challenging to navigate the Spanish banking system, so it might be helpful to seek advice from a financial advisor or expat group.

You will also need to familiarize yourself with the Spanish tax system. As a resident, you will need to pay taxes on both your Spanish and foreign income. Spain has a double taxation agreement with Nigeria, which means you will not be taxed twice on the same income. It is recommended to consult with a tax advisor or accountant to ensure you comply with all tax regulations.

Other Financial Considerations

Other financial considerations when relocating to Spain include obtaining health insurance, setting up utilities, and buying or renting a property. Health insurance is essential to have before relocating to Spain, as the country's public healthcare system is only available to residents registered with the social security system.

Setting up utilities like electricity, water, and gas can be a complex process, especially if you do not speak Spanish. It might be helpful to have a translator or Spanish-speaking friend to help you navigate the process.

If you plan to buy a property in Spain, it is recommended to seek advice from a real estate expert or lawyer. The process can be complicated, and you want to ensure you comply with all legal requirements to avoid any issues in the future.

Settling In and Building a Network

One of the biggest challenges of relocating to Spain from Nigeria is adjusting to the new environment and building a network. Here are some tips to help you settle in and make new connections:

  • Join social groups and organizations: One of the best ways to meet new people is to join social groups and organizations. Look for groups that share your interests or hobbies, such as sports clubs, language exchange groups, or cultural associations.
  • Attend local events: Spain is known for its many festivals, concerts, and cultural events. Attend these events to immerse yourself in the local culture and meet new people.
  • Volunteer: Volunteering is a great way to give back to the community while also meeting new people. Look for volunteer opportunities at local charities or non-profit organizations.
  • Take classes or workshops: Sign up for classes or workshops in areas that interest you, such as cooking, dance, or art. This is a great way to learn new skills while also meeting like-minded people.
  • Use social media: Social media can be a great tool for connecting with people in Spain. Join local Facebook groups or use meetup.com to find events and groups in your area.
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Remember that building a network takes time and effort. Be patient and proactive in seeking out new connections. With time, you'll find yourself feeling more at home in Spain.


Relocating to Spain from Nigeria can be a daunting task, but with proper planning and preparation, it can also be a rewarding experience. From obtaining the right visa to finding suitable accommodation and work, there are many factors to consider when making the move.

Spain offers a wealth of opportunities for Nigerians looking to live, work, and study abroad. The country's vibrant culture, beautiful landscapes, and welcoming atmosphere make it an attractive destination for those seeking a new adventure.

As you plan your relocation, it's important to stay organized and informed. Keep track of important deadlines, gather all necessary documents, and research your options for housing, healthcare, education, and employment.

Building a network and adapting to Spanish culture may also take time, but don't be afraid to step out of your comfort zone and try new things. Making an effort to connect with locals and immerse yourself in the community can help you feel more at home.

Finally, keep in mind that obtaining Spanish residency is a possibility for those who meet the eligibility requirements. Stay informed about the process and consider working with a professional to help you navigate the application process.

Ready to Start Your Spanish Adventure?

Whether you're moving to Spain for work, school, or simply a change of scenery, the journey can be both exciting and challenging. By following the tips and advice in this guide, you can prepare yourself for a successful relocation and start building a new life in this beautiful country.


Q: How do I relocate to Spain from Nigeria?

A: To relocate to Spain from Nigeria, you need to plan your move, understand the visa requirements, find suitable accommodation, consider healthcare and insurance options, explore education opportunities, secure employment, adapt to the culture, manage your finances, and build a network.

Q: Why is Spain a popular destination for Nigerians?

A: Spain offers numerous benefits and opportunities, making it an attractive destination for Nigerians. It has a vibrant culture, beautiful landscapes, a strong education system, excellent healthcare, a growing job market, and a high quality of life.

Q: What do I need to consider when planning my move to Spain?

A: When planning your move to Spain, it is important to budget for the relocation expenses, determine a timeline for the move, organize necessary documents such as passports and visas, and research the specific requirements and regulations for your relocation.

Q: What are the visa requirements for relocating to Spain?

A: The visa requirements for relocating to Spain depend on the purpose of your stay and the duration. Some common types of visas include student visas, work visas, tourist visas, and family reunification visas. You will need to complete the application process and provide the required documentation.

Q: How can I find accommodation in Spain?

A: There are various ways to find accommodation in Spain, including renting a house or apartment, buying a property, or staying in temporary accommodations such as hotels or serviced apartments. It is advisable to research different neighborhoods, enlist the help of a real estate agent, and consider your budget and preferences.

Q: What healthcare and insurance options are available in Spain?

A: Spain has a comprehensive healthcare system, and residents are generally covered under the National Health System. However, it is recommended to obtain private health insurance for added coverage. You can choose from a range of insurance providers and plans that cater to your specific needs.

Q: What are the education options in Spain?

A: Spain offers a variety of education options, including public schools, private schools, and international schools. Public schools are free and follow the Spanish curriculum, while private schools may offer different educational approaches. International schools cater to foreign students and often provide education in multiple languages.

Q: How can I find employment in Spain?

A: To find employment in Spain, you can search online job portals, network with professionals in your industry, and consider attending job fairs or recruitment events. It is important to familiarize yourself with the job market and the specific visa requirements for working in Spain.

Q: How do I adapt to the cultural differences in Spain?

A: Adapting to the cultural differences in Spain can be achieved by learning about Spanish customs, social norms, and etiquette. It is important to respect and appreciate the local culture, be open to new experiences, and actively engage with the community.

Q: What financial considerations should I keep in mind when relocating to Spain?

A: When relocating to Spain, it is important to consider the cost of living, banking options, taxes, and other financial aspects. It is advisable to create a budget, research the local cost of living, understand the tax obligations, and ensure you have access to banking services.

Q: How can I settle in and build a network in Spain?

A: Settling in and building a network in Spain can be done by joining social groups, participating in local events, learning the language, and connecting with the expat community. It is important to be proactive, open-minded, and willing to embrace new experiences.