If you are considering moving to Turkey from Nigeria, you may be wondering where to begin. Relocating to a new country can be overwhelming, but with the right information, it can also be a smooth and seamless process. This comprehensive guide will provide you with all the necessary steps and requirements for how to relocate to Turkey from Nigeria.
Table of Contents
- Visa Requirements for Relocating to Turkey from Nigeria
- Residency Options in Turkey for Nigerian Citizens
- Cost of Living in Turkey for Nigerians
- Finding Accommodation in Turkey
- Essential Tips for a Smooth Move to Turkey
- Education and Healthcare in Turkey for Nigerian Expatriates
- Settling Legal Matters when Relocating to Turkey from Nigeria
- Employment Opportunities in Turkey for Nigerian Citizens
Visa Requirements for Relocating to Turkey from Nigeria
If you're a Nigerian citizen looking to relocate to Turkey, you'll need to obtain the appropriate visa. Here's what you need to know about the Turkish immigration process for Nigerians:
Types of Turkish Visas
There are several types of visas available for Nigerians who want to move to Turkey:
|A short-term visa for Nigerians planning to visit Turkey for tourism purposes only.
|A visa for Nigerians who have been admitted to a Turkish school or university and plan to stay in the country for the duration of their studies.
|A visa for Nigerians who have been hired by a Turkish company and plan to work in the country for the duration of their employment.
|Family Reunification Visa
|A visa for Nigerians who have family members that are legal Turkish residents or citizens.
Applying for a Turkish Visa
The Turkish visa application process for Nigerians is similar to that of other countries. You'll need to submit the following documents:
- A valid Nigerian passport with at least six months of validity remaining
- A completed visa application form
- Two passport-sized photographs
- Proof of accommodation in Turkey
- Proof of sufficient financial means to cover your stay in Turkey
- A return ticket or onward travel ticket
- Proof of travel health insurance
- Add any additional documents required for your specific visa type.
Visa Processing Time
Visa processing times vary depending on the type of visa and the volume of applications at the time of submission. It's important to apply for your visa well in advance to avoid any delays or complications.
Once your visa is approved, you'll need to travel to Turkey within the validity period stated on your visa. Failure to do so may result in the revocation of your visa.
Overall, the visa application process can be time-consuming and complex. It's recommended that you consult with an immigration lawyer or a reputable visa service to ensure that your application is successful.
Residency Options in Turkey for Nigerian Citizens
If you are planning to relocate to Turkey from Nigeria, it is essential to understand the different residency options available to Nigerian citizens. The Turkish government offers various permits for individuals wishing to work, study, or start a business in the country.
If you have a job offer from a Turkish company, you can apply for a work permit. The permit is issued by the Ministry of Labor and Social Security and is valid for one year, after which it can be renewed annually. To apply, you will need to provide your employment contract, your passport, and a medical report.
If you are planning to start your own business in Turkey, you can apply for an Entrepreneur Work Permit. This permit requires a minimum investment of 100,000 USD and a business plan approved by the Ministry of Economy.
If you plan to study in Turkey, you will need to obtain a student visa. The visa is issued by the Turkish embassy or consulate in Nigeria and is valid for the duration of your studies. To apply, you will need to provide proof of enrollment in a Turkish university, a bank statement, and a medical report.
Family Reunification Permits
If you are a family member of a Turkish citizen or a permanent resident, you can apply for a Family Reunification Permit. This permit allows you to stay in Turkey with your family member and is valid for up to three years. To apply, you will need to provide your passport, a marriage certificate or birth certificate, and a medical report.
Regardless of the permit you choose, it is important to note that all foreign nationals living in Turkey must obtain a Turkish identification number (Kimlik Number) from the local authorities. This number is required for many transactions, including opening a bank account, registering with a doctor, and signing a rental contract.
Cost of Living in Turkey for Nigerians
Before making the decision to relocate to Turkey from Nigeria, it is important to consider the cost of living in the country. Turkey is generally an affordable country, but it is still crucial to do your research and understand the expenses you will incur as a Nigerian expatriate.
The cost of living in Turkey varies depending on the city and region. Istanbul, the largest city, and Ankara, the capital, are more expensive than other areas of the country. However, the cost of living in Turkey is still lower than many European countries.
|Estimated Monthly Cost (Nigerian Naira)
|Housing (rent for a one-bedroom apartment)
|Between 180,000 – 350,000
|Utilities (electricity, water, gas, internet)
|Between 25,000 – 60,000
|Transportation (monthly pass for public transport)
|Between 10,000 – 25,000
|Between 50,000 – 100,000
|Dining out (average meal at a mid-range restaurant)
|Between 15,000 – 30,000
|Healthcare (basic healthcare, doctor's visit)
|Between 10,000 – 20,000
It is important to note that these are estimated costs and may vary depending on your lifestyle and location within the country.
Additionally, the exchange rate between the Nigerian Naira and the Turkish Lira can affect the cost of living for Nigerian expatriates in Turkey. It is recommended to check the exchange rate regularly and plan your budget accordingly.
Overall, while the cost of living in Turkey may be lower than many European countries, it is still important to budget and plan accordingly to ensure a comfortable and enjoyable experience as a Nigerian expatriate in Turkey.
Finding Accommodation in Turkey
One of the most important aspects of relocating to Turkey is finding suitable accommodation. Whether you plan to rent or buy a property, there are a few things to consider before making your final decision.
Renting versus Buying
Before you start your search, it is important to decide whether you want to rent or buy a property. Renting may be a better option if you are only planning to stay in Turkey for a short period of time, while buying may be a better option if you plan to stay long-term.
When renting a property, be sure to check the terms of the lease agreement carefully before signing. In most cases, you will be required to pay a deposit and the first month's rent in advance. You may also be responsible for paying utilities, such as water and electricity.
If you decide to buy a property, be sure to work with a reputable real estate agent who can help you navigate the buying process. Keep in mind that property prices can vary greatly depending on the location and the age and condition of the property.
When it comes to choosing a neighborhood to live in, there are several popular areas to consider. Istanbul, for example, has a variety of neighborhoods that are popular with expatriates, including Beyoglu, Besiktas, and Kadikoy.
Other cities, such as Ankara, Antalya, and Izmir, also have their own popular neighborhoods. Be sure to do your research and visit different areas before making your final decision.
Resources for Finding Housing
There are several resources available for finding housing in Turkey, including real estate agents, online listings, and classified ads. Some popular websites for finding properties include Sahibinden, Hurriyet Emlak, and Zingat.
If you are having trouble finding a property on your own, consider working with a relocation specialist who can help you find suitable housing and assist with other aspects of your move.
Essential Tips for a Smooth Move to Turkey
Moving to a new country can be both exciting and overwhelming. Here are some tips to help make your relocation to Turkey from Nigeria a success:
- Learn the language: While many Turks do speak English, it can be helpful to know some Turkish phrases to navigate daily life and communicate with locals.
- Research cultural norms: Turkey has a rich cultural heritage, and it can be helpful to research and understand local customs, traditions, and etiquette.
- Plan your transportation: Turkey has a robust transportation system, including buses, trains, and metros. Consider getting a transit card, which can be used across different modes of transportation.
- Get health insurance: As a Nigerian expat in Turkey, you will need to obtain health insurance, either through your employer or privately. Research your options, and ensure that your insurance covers any pre-existing conditions.
- Take advantage of expat resources: There are many resources available for expats in Turkey, including social clubs, language classes, and online forums. These can provide valuable support, advice, and opportunities to connect with other expats.
- Try local cuisine: Turkey is known for its delicious cuisine, from kebabs and baklava to Turkish coffee and tea. Be sure to try local dishes and explore the food markets and restaurants around you.
- Stay connected with family and friends: Moving to a new country can be isolating, but staying connected with loved ones back home can help alleviate homesickness. Consider using video call apps to stay in touch.
By following these tips, you can make your transition to Turkey as smooth as possible.
Education and Healthcare in Turkey for Nigerian Expatriates
As a Nigerian expatriate relocating to Turkey, you may have questions about the education system and healthcare options available in your new home country. Fortunately, Turkey has a well-developed education system and offers a range of healthcare services to its citizens and residents.
Education in Turkey
The Turkish education system is divided into three levels: primary education, secondary education, and tertiary education. Education is compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 18.
For expatriate families, there are several international schools in Turkey that offer high-quality education in English or other languages. These schools are typically more expensive than local Turkish schools, but they provide a familiar learning environment for children who may not yet be proficient in Turkish.
In addition, Turkish universities are well-regarded and offer a range of programs in various fields of study. Some universities offer English-language programs specifically designed for international students.
Healthcare in Turkey
Turkey has a comprehensive healthcare system that provides both public and private healthcare services. All Turkish citizens and residents are entitled to free or low-cost healthcare through the national health insurance scheme.
Expatriates who are not eligible for the national health insurance scheme can purchase private health insurance to access private healthcare services. Private hospitals and clinics are typically well-equipped and staffed with highly-trained medical professionals.
It is important to note that healthcare costs in Turkey can be significantly lower than in many other countries, making it an attractive destination for medical tourism.
Settling Legal Matters when Relocating to Turkey from Nigeria
Relocating to Turkey from Nigeria requires some legal procedures that must be completed. These procedures are necessary for obtaining a Turkish identification number and registering with the local authorities to avoid any legal complications. Below are the important legal requirements for Nigerian citizens relocating to Turkey:
|Turkish Identification Number
|Upon your arrival in Turkey, you will need to obtain a Turkish identification number (TIN) from the local authorities. This number is necessary for opening a bank account, paying taxes, and registering for government services.
|After obtaining a TIN, you will need to apply for a residence permit within the first month of your arrival in Turkey. This permit will allow you to stay in Turkey for a longer period and conduct legal activities such as employment, study or setting up a business.
|It is mandatory to have health insurance in Turkey, whether you are a citizen or foreigner. You can obtain health insurance through your employer or purchase a private health insurance policy.
|Opening a bank account is necessary for receiving your salary, paying bills, and making transactions. You will need your TIN, residence permit, and proof of address such as a rental agreement or utility bill to open a bank account.
|If you plan to work in Turkey, you will need to apply for a work permit. Your employer will provide the necessary documents and assist you through the application process. After obtaining a work permit, you can apply for a residence permit that allows you to work legally.
By completing these legal procedures, you will be able to legally reside and conduct activities in Turkey without any hassle. It is important to consult with professionals or local authorities for any further information or changes in the legal requirements.
Employment Opportunities in Turkey for Nigerian Citizens
If you are considering relocating to Turkey from Nigeria, it’s important to consider the job market and employment opportunities in Turkey. Fortunately, there are a number of industries that are in demand and offer promising job prospects for Nigerian expatriates.
Work Permit Requirements
In order to work in Turkey as a foreigner, you will need to obtain a work permit. There are a number of criteria for eligibility, such as having a job offer from a Turkish employer and meeting certain educational or professional standards. You can apply for a work permit through the Turkish consulate in Nigeria or in Turkey.
Job Search Resources
There are a number of online job boards and recruitment agencies that can help you find employment opportunities in Turkey. Some popular job search websites include Kariyer.net, SecretCV, and Indeed Turkey. You can also network with other expatriates or attend career fairs to explore job opportunities.
Some of the industries that are currently in-demand in Turkey include technology, healthcare, education, tourism, and construction. If you have experience or qualifications in these fields, you may have a better chance of finding employment in Turkey.
While Turkish is the official language of Turkey, some companies and industries may require English fluency or proficiency in another language. If you are proficient in English or another language, it may increase your chances of finding employment.
Overall, the job market in Turkey offers opportunities for Nigerian expatriates seeking employment and a new career path. Take the time to research the job market and eligibility requirements for work permits in order to increase your chances of finding a job in Turkey.
Relocating to Turkey from Nigeria can be a challenging but rewarding experience. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can make the transition as smooth as possible. It is important to remember that every individual's relocation journey to Turkey will be unique, and there may be unforeseen challenges along the way. However, with proper preparation and a positive attitude, you can successfully navigate the process and enjoy all that Turkey has to offer.
Q: How can I relocate to Turkey from Nigeria?
A: To relocate to Turkey from Nigeria, you need to follow a comprehensive guide that outlines the necessary steps and requirements for the process.
Q: What are the visa requirements for relocating to Turkey from Nigeria?
A: The visa requirements for Nigerian citizens who wish to relocate to Turkey include completing the application process, providing necessary documents, and meeting specific criteria.
Q: What residency options are available in Turkey for Nigerian citizens?
A: Nigerian citizens have various residency options in Turkey, such as work permits, student visas, and family reunification, each with their own benefits and requirements.
Q: How much does it cost to live in Turkey for Nigerians?
A: The cost of living in Turkey for Nigerian expatriates includes expenses related to housing, transportation, healthcare, and other essential needs.
Q: How can I find accommodation in Turkey?
A: Finding suitable accommodation in Turkey can be done through renting or buying a property, considering popular neighborhoods, and utilizing resources for housing searches.
Q: What are some essential tips for a smooth move to Turkey?
A: Tips for a successful relocation to Turkey include understanding cultural norms, the local language, healthcare options, transportation, and integrating into the local community.
Q: What are the education and healthcare options in Turkey for Nigerian expatriates?
A: Nigerian expatriates in Turkey can explore the education system, including international schools and universities, as well as healthcare options and insurance coverage.
Q: What legal matters should I settle when relocating to Turkey from Nigeria?
A: Legal matters when relocating to Turkey from Nigeria involve obtaining a Turkish identification number, opening a bank account, registering with local authorities, and considering other important legal requirements.
Q: Are there employment opportunities in Turkey for Nigerian citizens?
A: Nigerian citizens can explore the job market in Turkey, which may include work permits, job search resources, and information on industries that are in demand.
Q: How can I conclude the process of relocating to Turkey from Nigeria?
A: The guide concludes by summarizing the key points covered and offering a concluding statement on the process of relocating to Turkey from Nigeria.