How To Survive Sickle Cell

How to Survive Sickle Cell: A Comprehensive Guide

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a genetic blood disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It is caused by a mutation in the gene that produces hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. This mutation leads to the formation of sickle-shaped red blood cells that can get stuck in blood vessels, causing pain, organ damage, and other complications.

Living with sickle cell can be challenging, but there are many things you can do to manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life. In this article, we'll explore some of the best strategies for surviving sickle cell and living a healthy, fulfilling life.

Understanding Sickle Cell Disease

Before we dive into the tips and strategies for coping with sickle cell, it's important to understand what this disease is and how it affects the body.

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What Causes Sickle Cell Disease?

As mentioned earlier, sickle cell is caused by a mutation in the gene that produces hemoglobin. This mutation causes the hemoglobin to form abnormal shapes, which leads to the formation of sickle-shaped red blood cells.

What Are the Symptoms of Sickle Cell Disease?

The symptoms of sickle cell can vary from person to person, but some of the most common ones include:

  • Painful episodes, also known as "crises"
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
  • Swollen hands and feet
  • Frequent infections
  • Delayed growth and development in children

How Is Sickle Cell Disease Diagnosed?

Sickle cell disease can be diagnosed through a blood test that detects the presence of abnormal hemoglobin. This test is usually performed shortly after birth as part of routine newborn screening.

Coping with Sickle Cell Disease

Now that we have a better understanding of what sickle cell disease is, let's explore some of the best strategies for coping with this condition.

Stay Hydrated

Staying hydrated is essential for people with sickle cell disease. Dehydration can cause your blood to become more concentrated, which increases the risk of sickle cell crises. Aim to drink at least 8-10 glasses of water per day, and avoid sugary drinks and alcohol, which can dehydrate you.

Manage Your Pain

Painful episodes, or crises, are one of the most common and debilitating symptoms of sickle cell disease. To manage your pain, try using heat or cold therapy, taking pain medication as prescribed by your doctor, and practicing relaxation techniques like deep breathing or meditation.

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Get Regular Check-Ups

Regular check-ups with your doctor are essential for managing sickle cell disease. Your doctor can monitor your condition, check for any complications or infections, and adjust your treatment plan as needed. Be sure to attend all scheduled appointments and follow your doctor's recommendations.

Take Your Medications

Medications can help manage the symptoms of sickle cell disease and prevent complications. Your doctor may prescribe pain medication, antibiotics to prevent infections, and medications to reduce the risk of stroke. It's important to take your medications as prescribed and to let your doctor know if you experience any side effects.

Avoid Triggers

Certain things can trigger sickle cell crises, including cold weather, dehydration, infections, and stress. Try to avoid these triggers as much as possible, and take extra care during times when you're more susceptible to them. For example, if you know that cold weather triggers your sickle cell crises, be sure to dress warmly and stay inside as much as possible during the winter months.

Build a Support System

Living with sickle cell disease can be isolating and challenging. It's important to build a support system of friends, family, and healthcare providers who can offer emotional support and practical assistance when needed. Consider joining a support group or reaching out to others who are living with sickle cell disease.


Living with sickle cell disease can be challenging, but by taking steps to manage your symptoms and prioritize your health, you can improve your quality of life and thrive. Remember to stay hydrated, manage your pain, get regular check-ups, take your medications, avoid triggers, and build a support system. With the right tools and resources, you can survive sickle cell and live a happy, healthy life.

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1. Can sickle cell disease be cured?

Currently, there is no cure for sickle cell disease. However, there are many treatments and strategies for managing the symptoms and complications of this condition.

2. What is the life expectancy for someone with sickle cell disease?

Life expectancy for people with sickle cell disease varies depending on the severity of the condition and the presence of complications. However, with proper treatment and management, many people with sickle cell disease can live into their 40s, 50s, and beyond.

3. Can sickle cell disease be passed down to children?

Sickle cell disease is a genetic condition that is passed down from parents to their children. If both parents have the sickle cell gene, there is a 25% chance that each child they have will inherit the disease.

4. Is it safe for people with sickle cell disease to exercise?

Exercise can be beneficial for people with sickle cell disease, as it can improve cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of complications. However, it's important to consult with your doctor before starting any new exercise program, as certain activities may be more appropriate than others.

5. What resources are available for people with sickle cell disease?

There are many resources available for people with sickle cell disease, including support groups, advocacy organizations, and educational materials. The Sickle Cell Disease Association of America and the American Society of Hematology are both great resources for people with this condition.