How To Vote In Nigeria Election

Table of Contents

How to Vote in Nigeria Elections

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with over 200 million people. The country is known for its vibrant democracy and periodic elections, which are held every four years. The conduct of free and fair elections is crucial to sustaining the democratic process in Nigeria. Voting is one of the fundamental rights of citizens in a democracy, and every eligible voter must participate in the electoral process. In this article, we will explain how to vote in Nigeria elections.

Step 1: Register to Vote

Before you can participate in any election in Nigeria, you must first register to vote. The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) is the body responsible for conducting elections in Nigeria. The agency conducts voter registration exercises periodically. The last voter registration exercise was conducted in 2019 ahead of the 2023 general elections. To register to vote, you must visit the nearest INEC office or registration center with your National Identity Card or International Passport.

Step 2: Check Your Voter Status

After registering to vote, you must check your voter status to ensure that your name is on the voter register. You can check your voter status by visiting the INEC website or sending an SMS to a designated number. If your name is not on the voter register, you will not be able to vote on election day.

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Step 3: Collect Your PVC

The Permanent Voter Card (PVC) is the only valid form of identification for voting in Nigeria. The PVC contains your photograph, biometric data, and other relevant information. After registering to vote, you must collect your PVC from the registration center where you registered. You will not be allowed to vote without your PVC.

Step 4: Study the Candidates and Parties

As a responsible voter, you must study the candidates and political parties participating in the election. This will enable you to make an informed decision when casting your vote. You can obtain information about the candidates and parties from their manifestos, campaign speeches, and debates.

Step 5: Know the Polling Unit and Voting Time

On election day, you must know the location of your polling unit and the voting time. The polling unit is the designated location where you will cast your vote. The voting time is usually between 8:00 am and 3:00 pm. You must arrive at your polling unit on time to avoid being locked out.

Step 6: Accreditation and Voting

At the polling unit, you will be accredited by an INEC official to confirm your identity and eligibility to vote. After accreditation, you will be given a ballot paper to cast your vote. You must mark the ballot paper with an X next to the candidate or party of your choice. You must not vote for more than one candidate or party. After voting, you will drop the ballot paper in the ballot box provided.

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Step 7: Wait for the Result

After voting, you must wait for the result to be announced by INEC. The result will be announced at the collation center designated for your polling unit. You can also follow the announcement of the result on television and radio stations.


Participating in the electoral process is crucial to sustaining democracy in Nigeria. As a responsible citizen, you must exercise your right to vote in every election. Following the steps outlined in this article will enable you to vote successfully in Nigeria elections.


  1. Can I vote without my PVC?
    No, you cannot vote without your PVC. The PVC is the only valid form of identification for voting in Nigeria.

  2. How many polling units are there in Nigeria?
    There are over 120,000 polling units in Nigeria.

  3. Who is eligible to vote in Nigeria?
    Every Nigerian citizen who is 18 years and above and has registered to vote is eligible to vote.

  4. How are election disputes resolved in Nigeria?
    Election disputes in Nigeria are resolved in court. The Electoral Act provides for the resolution of election disputes.

  5. What is the penalty for electoral offenses in Nigeria?
    The penalty for electoral offenses in Nigeria varies depending on the gravity of the offense. Some offenses attract fines, imprisonment, or disqualification from holding public office.