How To Vote In Nigeria

How to Vote in Nigeria: A Step-by-Step Guide for Citizens

Every four years, Nigerians go to the polls to elect their leaders at various levels of government, ranging from the President down to local councillors. This democratic process is the bedrock of our nation's stability and development. However, many Nigerians still find it challenging to vote due to various reasons such as lack of information, inadequate voter education, and logistical issues. In this article, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to vote in Nigeria, highlighting the requirements, procedures, and tips for a smooth voting experience.

Who Can Vote in Nigeria?

To be eligible to vote in Nigeria, you must meet the following criteria:

  • You must be a Nigerian citizen
  • You must be at least 18 years old
  • You must have a Permanent Voter Card (PVC)
  • You must be registered to vote in the polling unit where you reside.

How to Register to Vote in Nigeria

If you have not registered to vote, you need to do so before the next election. The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) conducts voter registration exercises in every local government area periodically. To register to vote, follow these steps:

  1. Visit the INEC office in your local government area or designated registration centres during an ongoing voter registration exercise.
  2. Fill the registration form with your personal details, including your name, address, date of birth, and phone number.
  3. Submit the form and have your biometric data captured, including your fingerprints and photograph.
  4. Collect your Temporary Voter Card (TVC) and wait for the issuance of your Permanent Voter Card (PVC) at a later date.
  5. Verify the information on your PVC to ensure that all details are accurate and up to date.
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How to Obtain a Permanent Voter Card (PVC)

The PVC is your passport to vote during elections. To obtain a PVC, follow these steps:

  1. Check the INEC website or visit the INEC office in your local government area to confirm if your PVC is ready for collection.
  2. Visit the INEC office closest to your polling unit with your TVC and any other required documents to collect your PVC.
  3. Verify the information on your PVC to ensure that all details are accurate and up to date.

How to Find Your Polling Unit

Your polling unit is where you will cast your vote during an election. To find your polling unit, follow these steps:

  1. Visit the INEC website or visit the INEC office in your local government area to access the Polling Unit Locator Tool.
  2. Enter your details, including your state of residence, local government area, and ward.
  3. The tool will display your polling unit and the address.

How to Vote in Nigeria

On election day, proceed to your polling unit with your PVC and any other required documents. To vote, follow these steps:

  1. Join the queue of voters and wait for your turn to be accredited.
  2. Present your PVC to the polling officer, who will verify your details using the card reader machine.
  3. Have your finger(s) verified and authenticated by placing it on the fingerprint scanner.
  4. Collect the ballot paper from the polling officer and proceed to the voting cubicle.
  5. Use the ink provided to mark your preferred candidate by thumb-printing in the space provided.
  6. Fold the ballot paper and return it to the polling officer.
  7. Wait for the polling officer to drop it in the ballot box.
  8. You can leave the polling unit after voting.
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Tips for a Smooth Voting Experience

To ensure a smooth voting experience, consider the following tips:

  • Arrive at your polling unit early to avoid long queues.
  • Bring along a valid form of identification, such as your National ID card or driver's license.
  • Dress comfortably and appropriately for the weather and avoid wearing party colors or symbols.
  • Follow the instructions of the polling officers and security personnel.
  • Do not engage in any form of violence or malpractice.
  • Keep your PVC and other personal belongings safe.
  • Report any issues or complaints to the appropriate authorities.


Voting is a fundamental right and responsibility of every Nigerian citizen. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can exercise your franchise and contribute to the development of Nigeria. Remember, your vote counts, and every vote matters.


  1. What happens if I lose my PVC?
    If you lose your PVC, you should report to the INEC office nearest to you to request a replacement. You will need to provide some personal information and pay a fee.

  2. Can I vote without my PVC?
    No, you cannot vote without your PVC. The card reader machine is used to verify your details and authenticate your identity.

  3. Can I vote in a polling unit other than my registered unit?
    No, you cannot vote in a polling unit other than your registered unit. Your name and details will only be on the voter register of your registered unit.

  4. Can I vote if my name is not on the voter register?
    No, you cannot vote if your name is not on the voter register. To vote, you must be registered at the polling unit where you intend to vote.

  5. Can I vote if I am outside Nigeria?
    Yes, you can vote if you are outside Nigeria during an election. The INEC provides a platform for diaspora voting, which allows eligible Nigerian citizens living abroad to participate in the electoral process.

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