How To Write In Yoruba Language

How to Write in Yoruba Language: A Comprehensive Guide

Yoruba is a widely spoken language in West Africa, with over 20 million people speaking it as their native language. It is a tonal language, meaning that different tones convey different meanings. If you're interested in learning how to write in Yoruba, this guide will provide you with all the essential information you need.

Understanding the Yoruba Alphabet

The Yoruba alphabet consists of 25 letters, including two diacritical marks. The letters are:

  • A, B, D, E, Ẹ, F, G, GB, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, Ọ, P, R, S, Ṣ, T, U, W, Y

The two diacritical marks are:

  • Ẹ, Ọ

The diacritical marks are used to denote the vowels that are not represented by letters in the Yoruba alphabet.

The Yoruba Writing System

Yoruba is written in a modified form of the Latin alphabet. There are a few rules to keep in mind when writing in Yoruba:

  • Yoruba is a tonal language, so the tone of a word can change the meaning. In writing, the tone is indicated by diacritical marks.
  • The letters B, D, G, and J are pronounced differently in Yoruba than in English. They are pronounced with the tongue curled back in the mouth.
  • The letter H is silent in Yoruba.
  • The letters Q, V, X, and Z are not used in Yoruba.
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Tips for Writing in Yoruba

Here are some tips to help you write in Yoruba:

  1. Understand the tonal system. As mentioned earlier, Yoruba is a tonal language, so you need to be familiar with the different tones and how they affect the meaning of a word.

  2. Learn the alphabet. Knowing the Yoruba alphabet is essential to writing in the language.

  3. Practice writing. Writing in Yoruba will help you become more familiar with the writing system and improve your skills.

  4. Use a Yoruba keyboard. If you're typing in Yoruba, it's best to use a Yoruba keyboard. This will make it easier to type the diacritical marks.

  5. Read Yoruba texts. Reading Yoruba texts, such as books and newspapers, will help you become more familiar with the language and improve your writing skills.

Examples of Yoruba Writing

Here are some examples of Yoruba writing:


  • Bawo ni?
  • E k’aro.
  • E k’asan.


  • 1 – Ọkan
  • 2 – Meji
  • 3 – Meta
  • 4 – Merin
  • 5 – Marun


  • E k’ale – Good morning
  • E k’asan – Good afternoon
  • E k’aleobo – Good evening
  • E ku ise – Well done


Writing in Yoruba requires an understanding of the tonal system and the Yoruba alphabet. It takes practice to become proficient in writing in Yoruba, but with dedication and persistence, you can improve your skills. By following the tips outlined in this guide, you'll be on your way to writing in Yoruba in no time.


  1. Can I learn to write in Yoruba without knowing how to speak it?
    Yes, it’s possible to learn to write in Yoruba without knowing how to speak it, but it’s recommended to learn the language as a whole to gain a better understanding.

  2. Where can I find Yoruba texts to read?
    You can find Yoruba texts in books, newspapers, and online.

  3. Is Yoruba a difficult language to learn?
    Like any language, Yoruba can be challenging to learn, but with practice and dedication, it’s possible to become proficient.

  4. Can I use a regular English keyboard to type in Yoruba?
    Yes, you can use a regular English keyboard to type in Yoruba, but you'll need to use a Yoruba keyboard layout to add diacritical marks.

  5. How long does it take to learn to write in Yoruba?
    The time it takes to learn to write in Yoruba varies depending on the individual's dedication and practice. It can take several weeks to several months to become proficient.

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