Reason For Election In Nigeria

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Reasons for Election in Nigeria

Nigeria is a country renowned for its diverse population, resources, and culture. It is also the most populous country in Africa, with a population of over 200 million people. As a democratic nation, Nigeria holds elections periodically to elect its leaders. This article aims to explore the reasons for elections in Nigeria, the electoral processes, and the challenges faced during elections.

What is an election?

An election is a formal process in which individuals choose a candidate or candidates to represent them by casting their votes. Elections are held to choose leaders in a democratic society, either to select individuals to hold positions of power or to make decisions on behalf of the people.

The reasons for elections in Nigeria

Elections are held in Nigeria for different reasons, some of which include:

Choosing leaders

One of the primary reasons for elections in Nigeria is to choose leaders. Elections are held to elect leaders who will hold positions in the government at the federal, state, or local levels. This includes the President, Governors, Senators, House of Representative members, and Local Government Chairmen.

Ensuring democracy

Elections are an essential part of democracy, and Nigeria is a democratic country. By holding elections, Nigeria ensures that the people have a voice in choosing their leaders and deciding the direction of the country.

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Transparency and accountability

Elections provide a platform for the government and its leaders to be held accountable for their actions. When elections are held, the government and candidates are expected to be transparent about their intentions and actions, making them accountable to the people.

Peaceful transition of power

Elections provide an opportunity for peaceful transition of power. When a new government is elected, power is transferred peacefully from the outgoing government to the incoming one. This ensures that there is continuity in governance, and the country can continue to function seamlessly.

The Electoral Process in Nigeria

The electoral process in Nigeria consists of several stages, including:

Voter registration

Before an election, eligible voters must register to vote. The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) is responsible for registering voters in Nigeria. To register, a person must meet specific criteria, including being a Nigerian citizen and at least 18 years old.


During the election season, candidates are allowed to campaign, which involves traveling around the country to meet with potential voters, hold rallies, and give speeches.


On the day of the election, voters head to their polling station to cast their vote. They are required to present their voter's card, which is used to verify their identity before they are allowed to vote.

Vote counting

Once the voting has ended, the votes are counted, and the results are announced. The candidate with the most votes is declared the winner of the election.

Petitions and legal challenges

If a candidate or party is not satisfied with the result of the election, they can file a petition or legal challenge with the relevant authority.

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Challenges Faced during Elections in Nigeria

Elections in Nigeria have faced several challenges over the years, some of which include:

Voter suppression

One of the significant challenges during elections in Nigeria is voter suppression. This involves attempts to prevent certain groups of people from voting, either through intimidation or physical violence.

Violence and insecurity

Elections in Nigeria have been marred by violence and insecurity in some parts of the country. This can be attributed to the proliferation of weapons, political thuggery, and election rigging.

Electoral malpractice

Electoral malpractice is another significant challenge faced during elections in Nigeria. This includes ballot stuffing, vote-buying, and manipulation of the electoral process to favor a particular candidate or party.

Poor infrastructure

Poor infrastructure is another challenge faced during elections in Nigeria. This includes poor road networks, inadequate polling stations, and unreliable power supply.


Elections in Nigeria are an essential part of the democratic process, providing citizens with the opportunity to choose their leaders and hold them accountable. However, the electoral process in Nigeria is not without its challenges. It is necessary to address these challenges to ensure that elections are free, fair, and credible.


  1. How often are elections held in Nigeria?

Elections are held every four years in Nigeria.

  1. Who is responsible for organizing elections in Nigeria?

The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) is responsible for organizing elections in Nigeria.

  1. What is the minimum age requirement to vote in Nigeria?

The minimum age requirement to vote in Nigeria is 18 years.

  1. Can foreigners vote in Nigerian elections?
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No, only Nigerian citizens are eligible to vote in Nigerian elections.

  1. What is the penalty for electoral malpractice in Nigeria?

The penalty for electoral malpractice in Nigeria varies depending on the nature and severity of the offense. It can range from fines to imprisonment.