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Who Is The Number One Citizen In Nigeria?

Nigeria, the Giant of Africa, is the most populous country in Africa, with over 200 million people. The country has been led by different individuals since it gained independence from Britain on October 1, 1960. However, the question that has been on the lips of many Nigerians and foreigners alike is, “who is the number one citizen in Nigeria?” In this article, we will explore the answer to this question and provide a detailed analysis of the Nigerian political system.

Table of Contents

The Nigerian Political System

Before delving into the question of who the number one citizen in Nigeria is, it is essential to understand the Nigerian political system. Nigeria operates a presidential system of government, where the President is both the Head of State and the Head of Government. The President is elected by the people through a general election that is held every four years. The President, in turn, appoints people to help him run the affairs of the country.

The President, Vice President, Governors, and Deputy Governors are elected officials, while Ministers, Commissioners, and Special Advisers are appointed officials. The President is the most powerful person in the country, and all other elected and appointed officials are under his control.

The Role of the President in Nigeria

The President is the number one citizen in Nigeria and has enormous responsibilities. The President is expected to:

  • Protect the territorial integrity of the country
  • Uphold the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
  • Promote the welfare of the citizens of the country
  • Ensure that the country is run in a democratic and fair manner
  • Ensure that the country's resources are used for the benefit of the citizens
  • Represent the country both internally and externally
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The President has executive powers, which he can use to make decisions that affect the country. He is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and has the power to declare a state of emergency in any part of the country.

The Nigerian Presidency: Past and Present

Over the years, Nigeria has had several Presidents who have contributed to the country's growth and development. The first President of Nigeria was Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, who was in power from 1960 to 1966. He was followed by General Yakubu Gowon, who ruled from 1966 to 1975. General Murtala Mohammed took over from Gowon and ruled from 1975 to 1976.

Other past Nigerian Presidents include:

  • Olusegun Obasanjo (1976-1979, 1999-2007)
  • Shehu Shagari (1979-1983)
  • Muhammadu Buhari (1983-1985, 2015-present)
  • Ibrahim Babangida (1985-1993)
  • Sani Abacha (1993-1998)
  • Abdulsalami Abubakar (1998-1999)
  • Goodluck Jonathan (2010-2015)

The current President of Nigeria is Muhammadu Buhari, who was elected in 2015 and re-elected in 2019. He is the fifth democratically-elected President of Nigeria and the second person to be elected twice as President after Olusegun Obasanjo.

The Powers of the President in Nigeria

The President has several powers in Nigeria, which include:

  • The power to appoint ministers, commissioners, and special advisers
  • The power to dissolve the National Assembly
  • The power to declare a state of emergency in any part of the country
  • The power to veto bills passed by the National Assembly
  • The power to negotiate treaties and agreements with other countries
  • The power to grant pardons and reprieves
  • The power to declare war and command the armed forces
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The President's powers are not absolute, as he is subject to the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the rule of law. The President can also be impeached by the National Assembly if he is found guilty of any offense.

Who Is the Number One Citizen in Nigeria?

Now that we have an understanding of the Nigerian political system and the powers of the President, we can answer the question, “who is the number one citizen in Nigeria?” The President is the number one citizen in Nigeria, as he is the most powerful person in the country. He is the Head of State and the Head of Government, and all other elected and appointed officials are under his control.

The President represents the country both internally and externally and has the power to make decisions that affect the country's growth and development. The President is elected by the people of Nigeria, and his tenure is usually four years, which can be renewed for another four years if the people re-elect him.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the Nigerian political system is unique, and the President is the most powerful person in the country. The President has several powers, which he can use to make decisions that affect the country's growth and development. The President is the number one citizen in Nigeria and represents the country both internally and externally. As Nigeria continues to grow and develop, it is essential to have a strong and effective President who can lead the country to greater heights.

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