How To Cook Nigerian Egusi

Table of Contents

How to Cook Nigerian Egusi: A Step-by-Step Guide

If you're looking for a delicious and nutritious meal to add to your recipe book, look no further than Nigerian egusi soup. Made with ground melon seeds, this soup is packed with flavor and nutrients, and is a staple in Nigerian cuisine. In this article, we'll provide a step-by-step guide on how to cook Nigerian egusi, from preparing the ingredients to serving up a delicious bowl of soup.

What is Egusi?

Before we dive into the recipe, let's talk about what egusi is. Egusi, also known as melon seeds, is a popular ingredient in West African cuisine. The seeds come from a type of gourd and are usually dried and ground into a flour-like texture. Egusi is often used to thicken soups and stews, and is a great source of protein, healthy fats, and fiber.


To make Nigerian egusi soup, you'll need the following ingredients:

  • 2 cups of ground egusi (melon seeds)
  • 2 cups of water or stock
  • 1 onion, diced
  • 3 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 2 tomatoes, diced
  • 1 red bell pepper, diced
  • 1 scotch bonnet pepper, diced (optional)
  • 1 pound of meat or fish (chicken, beef, goat, or fish)
  • 2 tablespoons of palm oil
  • 1 teaspoon of ground crayfish (optional)
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • 2 cups of chopped spinach or kale (optional)

Step-by-Step Guide

  1. Prepare the egusi: In a dry skillet, toast the ground egusi over medium heat until it starts to brown, stirring continuously to prevent burning. This should take about 5-7 minutes. Remove from the heat and set aside.

  2. Cook the meat or fish: In a pot, cook the meat or fish until it is fully cooked. If using chicken or beef, you may need to add water to the pot to prevent burning. Once the meat or fish is cooked, remove it from the pot and set aside.

  3. Prepare the vegetables: In the same pot you used to cook the meat or fish, add the palm oil and heat over medium heat. Add the onions and garlic and sauté until the onions are translucent. Add the tomatoes, bell pepper, and scotch bonnet pepper (if using) and cook for another 5 minutes.

  4. Add the egusi: Add the toasted egusi to the pot and stir well to combine with the vegetables. Add the water or stock and stir well. Bring the mixture to a boil, then reduce the heat and simmer for 10-15 minutes, stirring occasionally.

  5. Add the meat or fish: Add the cooked meat or fish back to the pot and stir well. If using crayfish, add it now. Add salt and pepper to taste.

  6. Add the greens (optional): If using spinach or kale, add it to the pot and stir well. Cook for another 5 minutes or until the greens are wilted.

  7. Serve: Nigerian egusi soup is traditionally served with fufu, a starchy side dish made from cassava, yam, or plantains. Alternatively, you can serve it with rice or bread.

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Tips and Tricks

  • To save time, you can use canned tomatoes instead of fresh.
  • If you can't find palm oil, you can substitute with vegetable oil.
  • If you prefer a smoother soup, you can blend the vegetables before adding the egusi.
  • If you're sensitive to spicy food, you can omit the scotch bonnet pepper or use a milder pepper.


Nigerian egusi soup is a delicious and healthy meal that is easy to make and packed with flavor. With a few simple ingredients and our step-by-step guide, you can make this West African staple in your own kitchen. Serve it with fufu, rice, or bread for a filling and satisfying meal.


  1. Can I use canned egusi instead of ground egusi?

No, canned egusi is not a suitable substitute for ground egusi. Canned egusi is usually pre-cooked and may have added ingredients that will affect the flavor and texture of the soup.

  1. Can I use vegetable stock instead of water?

Yes, vegetable stock can be used instead of water for added flavor.

  1. Can I use frozen vegetables instead of fresh?

Yes, frozen vegetables can be used as a substitute for fresh. Just make sure to thaw them before adding them to the pot.

  1. Can I make Nigerian egusi soup without meat or fish?

Yes, Nigerian egusi soup can be made without meat or fish for a vegetarian or vegan option. You can also add tofu for added protein.

  1. How long does Nigerian egusi soup last in the fridge?

Nigerian egusi soup can last for up to 4 days in the fridge when stored in an airtight container. To reheat, simply heat on the stove or in the microwave until heated through.

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