How to Relocate to Portugal from Nigeria: Easy Steps & Tips

Relocating to a new country can be exciting, challenging, and overwhelming all at the same time. If you're a Nigerian interested in moving to Portugal, you're in luck – Portugal is a popular destination for Nigerians looking to start a new life abroad. With its growing job market, affordable cost of living, high quality of life, and cultural similarities, it's no wonder why so many Nigerians are drawn to this beautiful country.

In this article, we will provide you with practical steps and tips on how to relocate to Portugal from Nigeria. From researching and planning your move to finding employment opportunities and settling into your new life in Portugal, we've got you covered. So, let's get started on your journey to becoming a Portugal resident!

Why Portugal is a Popular Destination for Nigerians

Portugal has become an increasingly popular destination for Nigerians looking to relocate. Here are some reasons why:

Reasons Benefits
Growing Job Market The job market in Portugal is rapidly growing, with many opportunities available in fields such as technology, finance, and tourism.
Affordable Cost of Living Portugal has a relatively low cost of living compared to other European countries, making it an attractive option for those seeking a high quality of life at an affordable price.
High Quality of Life Portugal boasts a high standard of living, with excellent healthcare, education, and public transportation systems.
Cultural Similarities Portugal shares cultural similarities with many African countries, including Nigeria, making it a comfortable and welcoming destination for Nigerians.

These factors, combined with Portugal's warm climate, beautiful beaches, and rich history and culture, make it an attractive destination for Nigerians seeking a new and exciting place to call home.

Researching and Planning Your Move

Before you start packing your bags, it's important to conduct thorough research and plan your relocation to Portugal. This will help you avoid unexpected challenges and minimize stress during the moving process. Here are some tips to help you get started:

Understand Visa Requirements

Portugal has different visa requirements depending on your reason for relocating. Nigerians looking to move to Portugal should check the visa requirements and make sure to obtain the appropriate visa before leaving Nigeria. Consult the Embassy of Portugal in Nigeria to learn about the different types of visas and the required documents.

Find Suitable Housing

Researching housing options is critical to a successful relocation. Consider factors such as your budget, the location of your workplace, and the availability of public transportation. Renting is a popular choice among expats, and several websites provide listings for rental properties in Portugal. Alternatively, if you are looking to purchase property, make sure to research the process and obtain legal advice.

Research the Healthcare System

Healthcare is an essential consideration when relocating to Portugal. Expats can enroll in the national healthcare system or obtain private health insurance. Research the available options and make sure to obtain adequate coverage.

Consider Education Options

If you have children, researching the education system in Portugal is critical. Portugal has a variety of public and private schools, and it's essential to know the options available to ensure a smooth transition for your children. International schools are also available, and some offer instruction in English.

Plan Your Finances

Managing your finances is crucial when relocating to Portugal. Research the cost of living, open a bank account, and obtain a tax identification number. Understanding the financial implications of your move will help you make informed decisions.

In Summary, researching and planning your move to Portugal from Nigeria is crucial. It will help you avoid unexpected challenges and ensure a successful transition. Make sure to understand visa requirements, find suitable housing, research the healthcare system, consider education options, and plan your finances.

Visa Requirements and Immigration Process

As a Nigerian planning to relocate to Portugal, it is essential to understand the visa requirements and immigration process. The Portuguese government has set up several visa programs to suit different types of visits and durations of stay.

Visa type Description
Schengen Visa A short-term visa that allows Nigerians to stay in Portugal (or any Schengen Area country) for up to 90 days within a 6-month period.
National Visa A long-term visa that allows Nigerians to reside in Portugal for more than 90 days. It is suitable for students, workers, self-employed individuals, and retirees.
Golden Visa A residency-by-investment program that grants residency status to Nigerians who invest in the Portuguese economy. It is suitable for high net-worth individuals.

To apply for a visa to Portugal, Nigerians must submit the following documents:

  • A valid Nigerian passport
  • Proof of accommodation in Portugal
  • Proof of financial means to sustain themselves during their stay
  • Police clearance certificate
  • Travel insurance
  • Employment contract or proof of enrollment in educational institution (if applicable)

The embassy or consulate of Portugal in Nigeria processes visa applications. It is advisable to submit the application well in advance to allow for adequate processing time. After obtaining a visa, Nigerians must register with the relevant authorities in Portugal within the first three days of arrival. It is also crucial to understand the legal requirements of residing in Portugal, such as obtaining a tax identification number and registering with the Portuguese social security system.

Finding Accommodation in Portugal

When relocating to Portugal, one of the most important steps is finding suitable accommodation. Whether you plan to rent, buy or share housing, it's important to consider factors such as location, size, amenities, and budget.

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There are various online platforms and resources that can help you find the right accommodation. Here's a list of some popular options:

  • Imovirtual – a popular online platform for property search
  • Casa Sapo – another online platform for real estate search
  • Airbnb – a great option for short-term accommodation while you search for a more permanent option

It's also important to note that Portugal's major cities such as Lisbon and Porto tend to have higher rental prices than smaller towns or rural areas. Consider your priorities and budget when deciding on a location.

When viewing properties, be sure to ask questions about the lease agreement, utility costs, and any additional fees. Take note of any damages or necessary repairs that need to be addressed before moving in.

Overall, taking the time to research and carefully consider your accommodation options can help ensure a smooth and comfortable transition to life in Portugal.

Navigating the Portuguese Healthcare System

The Portuguese healthcare system is structured differently than the Nigerian system, so it may take some time to get used to. However, once you understand how it works, you'll find that it's efficient and accessible.

If you're an expat living and working in Portugal, you're entitled to access the country's public healthcare system. To do so, you'll need to register as a patient with your local health center, which can be done by presenting your passport, residence permit, and tax identification number.

It's important to note that the Portuguese healthcare system may not cover all medical services, so it's recommended to obtain private health insurance to supplement your coverage. There are many international insurance providers that offer plans specifically for expats living in Portugal.

If you need to see a doctor or specialist, you'll need to first schedule an appointment at your local health center. If you need emergency medical attention, you can call the emergency services number, 112, or go to the nearest hospital's emergency department.

Overall, the Portuguese healthcare system is reliable, but it's important to understand how it works and to obtain adequate health insurance to ensure you receive the best care possible.

Education and Schools in Portugal

Portugal has a high-quality education system that provides good opportunities for expat children. The language of instruction is Portuguese; however, there are schools that offer bilingual education in English and Portuguese.

It is important to note that the Portuguese education system is centralized, meaning that the government sets the standards and curriculum for all public and private schools.

Public Schools

Public schools in Portugal offer free education to all children, including expats. However, it is important to note that the quality of public schools can vary depending on the region.

It is advisable to research the local public schools thoroughly before enrolling your child. Expect to encounter strict enrollment procedures and a shortage of spaces in popular schools.

International Schools

If you prefer your child to study in English or another language, consider enrolling them in an international school. These schools offer education in a language other than Portuguese, and they often follow the curriculum of the United States, United Kingdom, or another country.

It is important to note that international schools are usually more expensive than public schools. They may also have selective enrollment criteria and waiting lists.

Language Requirements

Expats with school-aged children should note that the Portuguese education system requires proficiency in Portuguese. An exception is made for international schools, which may have their language requirements.

It is advisable to start learning Portuguese as soon as possible to facilitate your child's integration into the local school system. Consider enrolling your child in a language school or hiring a private language tutor.

Financial Considerations and Banking in Portugal

Managing finances and setting up banking services can be a daunting process when relocating to a new country. However, with a little bit of research and planning, it can be done smoothly. Here are some tips and guidance to help you manage your finances and set up banking services in Portugal.

Opening a Bank Account

One of the first things you should do when you arrive in Portugal is to open a bank account. This will make it easier to manage your finances and pay bills. You will need to provide proof of identification, such as a passport or ID card, and proof of address.

Portugal has a number of banks to choose from, including Banco Portugues de Investimento, Caixa Geral de Depositos and Novo Banco. It's worth doing some research ahead of time to find the bank that offers the best services for your needs.

Currency Exchange and Transfers

When you are moving to Portugal, you will need to consider how you will transfer funds from your home country to Portugal. It's important to find a reliable and cost-effective way to do this. Some popular options include using online money transfer services, such as TransferWise or Azimo, or using a foreign exchange broker.

It's also important to consider the exchange rate when transferring funds. It's a good idea to monitor the exchange rate and transfer funds when the rate is favorable.

Taxes and Cost of Living

Portugal has a relatively low cost of living compared to other European countries, which makes it an attractive destination for expats. However, it's important to be aware of the tax system and the cost of living before you relocate.

Income tax in Portugal is calculated on a progressive scale and ranges from 14.5% to 48%. You will also be required to pay social security contributions.

Be sure to research the cost of living in the city or town where you plan to live. Some areas may be more expensive than others, and you will need to factor in the cost of housing, transportation, and other living expenses.

Managing Your Money

Once you have set up your bank account and transferred funds, it's important to manage your money effectively. One thing to consider is setting up online banking, which will allow you to check your account balances, transfer funds, and pay bills from anywhere with an internet connection.

You should also consider setting up automatic payments for bills and rent to ensure that everything is paid on time. Additionally, it's a good idea to keep track of your expenses and create a budget to ensure that you are living within your means.

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By following these tips and taking the time to research and plan ahead, you can manage your finances and banking services effectively when relocating to Portugal from Nigeria.

Learning the Language and Cultural Integration

One of the most important aspects of relocating to Portugal from Nigeria is learning the Portuguese language and integrating into the local culture. Portuguese is the official language in Portugal, and while many Portuguese people speak English, it is still important to learn the local language to fully immerse in the culture and make the most of the experience.

There are several ways to learn Portuguese, including language classes, online courses, and language exchange programs. It is also helpful to practice speaking Portuguese with locals and participating in cultural activities to improve language skills and gain a deeper understanding of Portuguese culture.

Integrating into Portuguese culture involves learning the customs, traditions, and social norms of the country. Portugal is a country with a rich cultural heritage, and there are many festivals, events, and traditions to be discovered. It is important to be open-minded and respectful of the local culture, and to actively seek out opportunities to participate in cultural activities and celebrations.

Joining local groups or clubs, attending cultural events, and socializing with locals are all excellent ways to integrate into Portuguese culture and make new friends in the process. With dedication and effort, it is possible to fully embrace the Portuguese way of life and make a smooth transition into your new home in Portugal.

Finding Employment Opportunities in Portugal

If you are moving to Portugal from Nigeria, finding employment should be one of your top priorities. The Portuguese job market is competitive, and it's essential to have a good understanding of the country's work visa requirements, as well as the types of jobs available.

Here are some tips for finding employment opportunities in Portugal:

  • Start by researching the job market and identifying industries with high demand, such as healthcare, technology, and hospitality.
  • Use online job search platforms, such as Indeed, LinkedIn, and Glassdoor, to look for job openings. Make sure to tailor your resume and cover letter to the specific job and highlight your relevant skills and experience.
  • Networking is essential in Portugal, so attend job fairs, conferences, and events to meet potential employers and make connections.
  • Consider applying for internships or volunteer positions to gain experience and improve your chances of landing a job.

It's important to note that work visas are required to work in Portugal as a foreigner. Make sure to research the different types of visas available and ensure that you meet the requirements before applying for jobs.

Moving Your Belongings and Logistics

Moving to Portugal from Nigeria requires careful planning and organization, especially when it comes to transporting your belongings to your new home. Here are some tips to help you with the logistics of your move:

Declutter and Organize

Before you start packing, take the time to declutter and organize your belongings. This will not only make the packing process easier, but it will also help you save money on moving costs. Consider selling or donating items that you no longer need or use.

Choose the Right Shipping Option

Depending on the amount of belongings you have and your budget, you can choose to transport your goods by air, sea, or land. Air shipping is the fastest, but also the most expensive option. Sea shipping is more affordable but can take up to several weeks for your belongings to arrive. Land shipping is a good option if you are moving to Portugal from a nearby country.

Consider Customs Regulations

When shipping your belongings to Portugal, you will need to comply with customs regulations. Make sure that you have all the required documentation, such as your passport, visa, and inventory list. You may also be required to pay import taxes or duties on your belongings.

Pack and Label Your Boxes

Proper packing and labeling of your boxes will help ensure that your belongings arrive safely and in the right location. Use sturdy boxes and packing materials to protect fragile items. Label each box with your name, address, and a brief description of the contents.

Hire a Reputable Moving Company

To ensure a smooth and stress-free move, consider hiring a reputable moving company with experience in international relocations. Do your research and read reviews from previous customers before making a decision.

By following these tips, you can ensure that your belongings arrive safely and securely in Portugal, ready for you to start your new life.

Settling into Your New Life in Portugal

Congratulations on successfully relocating to Portugal! Now that you've arrived, it's time to start settling into your new life. Here are some tips to help make the transition smoother:

  • Make new friends: Join social groups and clubs that match your interests to meet new people.
  • Explore the local attractions: Portugal has a rich cultural heritage, so take advantage of this by visiting museums, galleries, and historical landmarks.
  • Learn the language: Portuguese is the official language of Portugal, so learning some basic phrases will help you communicate better with locals and integrate into the community.
  • Adapt to the lifestyle: Portugal has a relaxed and laid-back lifestyle, so take time to adjust to the different pace of life and enjoy the slower moments.

Remember, it's normal to feel homesick or overwhelmed during the first few weeks. Give yourself time to adjust and don't hesitate to seek support from expat communities or professional services if needed. With time, effort, and an open mind, you'll be able to make Portugal your new home.

Legal and Administrative Considerations

When relocating to Portugal from Nigeria, it's important to understand the legal and administrative processes involved to ensure a smooth transition. Here are some key considerations:

Registration All foreigners moving to Portugal must register with the local authorities within 90 days of arrival. This involves obtaining a Residence Card and a Tax Identification Number (NIF).
Visa Depending on the purpose of your stay in Portugal, you may need to apply for a visa. The type of visa required varies depending on factors such as length of stay and reason for relocation. It's important to research visa requirements in advance.
Healthcare All residents in Portugal, including foreigners, are required to have healthcare coverage. Expats can choose to enroll in the national healthcare system or opt for private insurance. It's important to research options and apply for coverage as soon as possible.
Taxation Expats living in Portugal are subject to Portuguese taxation on their worldwide income. It's important to understand tax obligations and seek professional advice if necessary.
Legal Rights Expats in Portugal have legal rights and protections under Portuguese law. It's important to understand these rights and seek legal advice if necessary.
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By taking the time to research and understand the legal and administrative processes involved in relocating to Portugal, Nigerians can ensure a smooth transition and avoid any potential issues or complications.

Safety and Security in Portugal

Portugal is generally considered a safe country with low crime rates. However, like any other country, it’s important to take precautions to ensure your safety and security. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Be aware of your surroundings and avoid poorly-lit or isolated areas, especially at night.
  • Keep your valuables, such as cash, credit cards and passports, in a secure location.
  • Use reputable taxis or ride-sharing services, especially at night.
  • Be cautious of pickpocketing in busy tourist areas.

If you’re living in larger cities such as Lisbon or Porto, it’s recommended to take extra precautions. For example, avoid carrying large amounts of cash and be wary of strangers approaching you on the street.

In case of an emergency, dial 112 for police, fire, or medical assistance. It’s also important to have travel insurance that covers medical emergencies, accidents, and theft.

Tip: Stay informed about potential risks or hazards by following local news and advisories. Consulates and embassies can also provide information on safety and security issues for expats.

Expatriate Communities and Support Networks

Relocating to a new country can be an overwhelming experience, but you don't have to go through it alone. Portugal has a vibrant expatriate community, with many organizations and support networks available to help Nigerians connect with fellow expats and receive assistance during the relocation process.

One popular platform is InterNations, an online community that facilitates networking and social events for expats in Portugal. Another option is the Nigerian Community in Portugal, which provides support and resources for Nigerians living in the country.

Additionally, many international schools in Portugal have active parent and teacher associations, which can be a valuable source of community and support for families with children.

By tapping into these resources, you can connect with like-minded individuals, receive advice and assistance, and feel more at home in your new country.


Relocating to Portugal from Nigeria can be an exciting but daunting prospect. By following the easy steps and tips provided in this guide, you can make the transition as smooth as possible. Remember to conduct thorough research and planning, understand the visa requirements and immigration process, find suitable accommodation, register for healthcare and education services, manage your finances, learn the language and culture, and connect with expat communities and support networks.

While it may take some time to adjust to your new life in Portugal, it is a welcoming and vibrant country with plenty to offer. From the bustling cities to the serene countryside, you can discover new experiences and make lasting memories.

Start your new adventure today!


Q: How do I relocate to Portugal from Nigeria?

A: Relocating to Portugal from Nigeria can be made easier by following these easy steps and tips:

Q: Why is Portugal a popular destination for Nigerians?

A: Portugal is a popular destination for Nigerians due to factors such as a growing job market, affordable cost of living, high quality of life, and cultural similarities.

Q: How should I research and plan my move?

A: To conduct a successful relocation, it is important to thoroughly research and plan your move. Consider factors such as visa requirements, housing, healthcare, education, and financial planning.

Q: What are the visa requirements and immigration process for relocating to Portugal from Nigeria?

A: The visa requirements and immigration process for relocating to Portugal from Nigeria include understanding the different types of visas available, preparing the required documents, and following the application process.

Q: How can I find accommodation in Portugal?

A: When looking for accommodation in Portugal, consider options such as renting, buying, or shared housing. Research popular neighborhoods and utilize online platforms for property search.

Q: How does the Portuguese healthcare system work?

A: The Portuguese healthcare system operates through a registration process. As an expat, it is important to understand how to register for healthcare services and the importance of having health insurance.

Q: What are the schooling options for expat children in Portugal?

A: In Portugal, expat children have options such as public schools, international schools, and language requirements. Research the education system and choose the best option for your child.

Q: How can I manage my finances and set up banking services in Portugal?

A: Managing finances in Portugal involves opening a bank account, understanding currency exchange, taxes, and familiarizing yourself with the cost of living. Seek guidance to navigate these financial considerations.

Q: How important is learning the language and cultural integration in Portugal?

A: Learning the Portuguese language and integrating into the local culture are important for a successful transition. Utilize resources and engage with the local community to facilitate language learning and cultural integration.

Q: How can I find employment opportunities in Portugal?

A: Finding employment opportunities in Portugal requires understanding the job market, networking, and considering work visa requirements. Utilize resources for job search and adapt your strategy accordingly.

Q: What tips do you have for moving my belongings and logistics from Nigeria to Portugal?

A: When moving your belongings from Nigeria to Portugal, consider logistics such as shipping options, customs regulations, and the importance of decluttering and organizing before the move.

Q: How can I settle into my new life in Portugal?

A: Settling into your new life in Portugal involves making new friends, finding social activities, exploring local attractions, and adapting to the Portuguese lifestyle. Embrace the opportunities and experiences available to you.

Q: What legal and administrative considerations should I be aware of when relocating to Portugal?

A: When relocating to Portugal, it is important to register with local authorities, obtain a tax identification number, and understand your legal rights and obligations. Familiarize yourself with the necessary administrative processes.

Q: What safety and security considerations should I keep in mind when relocating to Portugal?

A: To ensure safety and security when relocating to Portugal, follow general safety tips, familiarize yourself with emergency services, and stay informed about potential risks or hazards in your new environment.

Q: Are there expatriate communities and support networks in Portugal?

A: Yes, Portugal has expatriate communities and support networks that can help Nigerians connect with fellow expats and receive support during the relocation process. Explore organizations, online forums, and social groups for assistance.