How To Study Law In Nigeria

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How to Study Law in Nigeria

Studying law in Nigeria can be an exciting and rewarding experience, but it can also be challenging. With a legal system that is constantly evolving, prospective law students need to have the right mindset, resources, and strategies to succeed. In this article, we'll discuss how to study law in Nigeria and share tips and advice to help you thrive in your academic and professional pursuits.

Understanding the Nigerian Legal System

Before diving into the specifics of studying law in Nigeria, it's essential to have an understanding of the Nigerian legal system. Nigeria operates a common law system, which means that legal decisions are based on precedent rather than codified laws. The judiciary is divided into federal and state courts, and the highest court of appeal is the Supreme Court of Nigeria.

It's also worth noting that there are different types of legal practitioners in Nigeria. These include barristers, solicitors, and advocates. Barristers primarily handle courtroom advocacy and are typically hired by solicitors to represent clients in trials. Solicitors, on the other hand, provide legal advice and services to clients, including drafting legal documents and negotiating settlements. Advocates are lawyers who are licensed to practice in both Nigeria and other countries.

Choosing a Law School

The first step in studying law in Nigeria is to choose a law school. There are currently over 20 law faculties accredited by the Nigerian Law School, the regulatory body that oversees legal education in Nigeria. These law schools are located in different parts of the country, and each has its own unique culture and curriculum.

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When choosing a law school, consider factors such as location, reputation, faculty quality, and available resources. You may also want to research the school's bar exam passage rates and employment statistics to ensure that you'll receive a high-quality legal education that will prepare you for a successful career.

Mastering the Curriculum

Once you've enrolled in law school, the next step is to master the curriculum. The Nigerian legal system is complex, and law students must be prepared to study a wide range of subjects, including contract law, criminal law, tort law, and constitutional law.

To succeed in law school, you'll need to develop strong analytical and critical thinking skills, a solid understanding of legal terminology and concepts, and the ability to synthesize complex information quickly. You'll also need to be able to handle a heavy workload and meet tight deadlines.

Some effective strategies for mastering the law school curriculum include creating detailed outlines of course materials, participating in study groups, attending lectures and seminars, and seeking guidance and feedback from professors and mentors.

Developing Professional Skills

In addition to mastering the curriculum, law students also need to develop professional skills that will prepare them for the legal profession. These skills include legal research and writing, advocacy, negotiation, and client counseling.

To develop these skills, law students should take advantage of opportunities to participate in moot courts, mock trials, and other experiential learning activities. They should also seek out internships and other professional experiences that provide hands-on exposure to the legal profession.

Preparing for the Bar Exam

The final step in studying law in Nigeria is preparing for the bar exam. The Nigerian Bar Association administers a bar exam that tests candidates on their knowledge of Nigerian law and legal practice. To pass the bar exam, candidates must demonstrate a deep understanding of Nigerian legal principles, as well as the ability to apply these principles to practical legal situations.

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To prepare for the bar exam, law students should take advantage of bar review courses and other study resources. They should also devote significant time and effort to studying legal concepts and principles and practicing their legal reasoning and analysis skills.


Studying law in Nigeria can be a challenging but rewarding experience. By understanding the Nigerian legal system, choosing the right law school, mastering the curriculum, developing professional skills, and preparing for the bar exam, prospective law students can set themselves up for a successful career in the legal profession.


  1. How long does it take to study law in Nigeria?

    • Law school in Nigeria typically takes five years to complete, including a mandatory one-year internship.
  2. Can I study law online in Nigeria?

    • Online law degree programs are not currently available in Nigeria, but some schools may offer online courses or distance learning options.
  3. What is the cost of studying law in Nigeria?

    • The cost of studying law in Nigeria varies depending on the school and program, but tuition and fees can range from N500,000 to N2 million per year.
  4. How many times can I take the bar exam in Nigeria?

    • Candidates may take the bar exam in Nigeria up to three times before they are required to complete additional legal education and training.
  5. What is the passing score for the Nigerian bar exam?

    • The passing score for the Nigerian bar exam is currently set at 50%, with a minimum score of 40% required in each subject area.