How To Tile A Floor In Nigeria

Table of Contents

How to Tile a Floor in Nigeria: A Beginner's Guide

If you're planning on renovating your home or building a new one, one aspect of the process that deserves careful consideration is the flooring. The type of flooring you choose can have a significant impact on the overall look and feel of your space. Tiling is an excellent flooring option that is both durable and aesthetically pleasing. In this guide, we'll explore how to tile a floor in Nigeria, from selecting the right tiles to installing and maintaining them.

Understanding the Types of Tiles

Before you start tiling, it's essential to understand the different types of tiles available in the market. The most common types of tiles include ceramic, porcelain, stone, and glass. Each type has its own unique properties and characteristics.

  • Ceramic Tiles: These are the most common type of tiles used for flooring. They are made from clay and come in a wide range of sizes, colors, and patterns. Ceramic tiles are durable, easy to clean, and affordable.

  • Porcelain Tiles: Porcelain tiles are similar to ceramic tiles but are denser and more durable. They are made from a mixture of clay and other materials and are available in a variety of colors and designs. Porcelain tiles are ideal for high-traffic areas and are resistant to wear and tear.

  • Stone Tiles: Stone tiles are made from natural materials like marble, granite, and limestone. They are durable and have a unique look and texture. However, they are more expensive than ceramic and porcelain tiles.

  • Glass Tiles: Glass tiles are made from recycled glass and are available in a variety of colors and designs. They are non-porous and easy to clean, but they are not as durable as other types of tiles.

READ ALSO:  How To Dunk In Nba 2k

Selecting the Right Tiles

Once you've familiarized yourself with the different types of tiles, the next step is to select the right ones for your space. When selecting tiles, consider the following factors:

  • Purpose: Different areas of the home require different types of tiles. For example, you want to use durable tiles in high-traffic areas like the hallway or kitchen.

  • Design: Tiles come in different colors, patterns, and sizes. Choose a design that complements the overall design scheme of your space.

  • Cost: Different types of tiles come at different price points. Determine your budget and choose tiles that fit within it.

Preparing the Surface

Before you install tiles, you need to prepare the surface. The surface should be clean, level, and free of any debris. Follow these steps to prepare the surface:

  • Remove any existing flooring or carpeting
  • Clean the surface thoroughly
  • Level the surface using a self-leveling compound if needed

Installing the Tiles

Once you've prepared the surface, it's time to start installing the tiles. Follow these steps to install the tiles:

  1. Measure the area to be tiled and determine the number of tiles needed.
  2. Lay out the tiles in the desired pattern.
  3. Mix the tile adhesive according to the manufacturer's instructions.
  4. Apply the adhesive to the surface using a notched trowel.
  5. Place the tiles on the adhesive, using tile spacers to ensure even spacing.
  6. Cut tiles to fit around corners or edges using a tile cutter.
  7. Allow the adhesive to dry according to the manufacturer's instructions.
  8. Apply grout to the spaces between the tiles using a grout float.
  9. Wipe off any excess grout with a damp sponge.
  10. Allow the grout to dry.
READ ALSO:  How To Fry Nigerian Pancakes

Maintaining the Tiles

Proper maintenance of your tiles is crucial to ensure their longevity and durability. Here are some tips for maintaining your tiles:

  • Clean the tiles regularly using a mild detergent and warm water.
  • Avoid using acidic or abrasive cleaners that can damage the tiles.
  • Seal the tiles periodically to protect them from water damage.


Tiling a floor in Nigeria can be a daunting task, but with the right tools and knowledge, it can be a straightforward process. Selecting the right tiles, preparing the surface, and installing the tiles correctly can ensure a durable and aesthetically pleasing floor for your home. Remember to maintain your tiles regularly to keep them looking their best.


  1. How do I know how many tiles to buy?

    • Measure the length and width of the area to be tiled and multiply the two numbers to get the square footage. Divide the square footage by the area of one tile to determine the number of tiles needed.
  2. Can I install tiles over an existing floor?

    • It's not recommended to install tiles over an existing floor, as it can affect the levelness of the surface and cause the tiles to crack.
  3. How long does it take to tile a floor?

    • The time it takes to tile a floor depends on the size of the area, the type of tiles, and the complexity of the pattern. It can take anywhere from a few days to a few weeks.
  4. Can I install tiles myself, or do I need to hire a professional?

    • If you have experience with DIY projects and the necessary tools, you can install tiles yourself. However, it's recommended to hire a professional if you're unsure of the process or have a large area to tile.
  5. How often should I seal my tiles?

    • It's recommended to seal your tiles every 2-3 years to protect them from water damage. However, it's best to follow the manufacturer's recommendations for your specific tiles.
READ ALSO:  How Is Philippines Money To Naira